Chronic myopathy in a patient suspected of carrying two malignant hyperthermia susceptibility (MHS) mutations.


Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a pharmacogenetic myopathy triggered by a variety of anaesthetic agents and muscle relaxants. In humans, susceptibility to MH is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait, and susceptible patients do not show a clinically relevant myopathy unless having suffered from a MH crisis. Homozygosity for the MHS trait is thought to be an uncommon finding, and so far only a few cases of patients suggested to be homozygous for MH on the basis of pedigree information were reported and described as having a more severe form of this condition resulting in clinical symptoms also in the absence of triggering agents. We report clinical findings in a patient with chronic myopathy beginning at the age of 2 yr and associated with a number of unique features, the most important being a family history of MHS present in both parents. She became symptomatic with marked muscular weakness and elevated serum CK levels. A muscle biopsy showed a distinct enlargement and increase of muscle mitochondria. In the in vitro contracture test the patient's muscle responded with unusually high contractures already at basal levels of triggering agents indicating a particularly severe MHS condition. DNA markers for the MHS1 locus, described previously on chromosome 19q12-13.2 in Irish and Canadian pedigrees, could not be used to confirm her homozygous state because our molecular genetic studies had previously excluded the MHS trait in this pedigree from this locus.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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@article{Deufel1992ChronicMI, title={Chronic myopathy in a patient suspected of carrying two malignant hyperthermia susceptibility (MHS) mutations.}, author={Thomas Deufel and Wolfgang Mueller-Felber and Dieter E. Pongratz and Gunter H{\"{u}bner and Kelli J Johnson and Paul A. Iaizzo and Frank Lehmann-Horn}, journal={Neuromuscular disorders : NMD}, year={1992}, volume={2 5-6}, pages={389-96} }