Chronic heart failure.

@article{Cripwell1992ChronicHF,
  title={Chronic heart failure.},
  author={M Cripwell and David Patterson},
  journal={Occasional paper},
  year={1992},
  volume={58},
  pages={24-7}
}
1. The common symptoms and signs of chronic heart failure are dyspnoea, ankle swelling, raised jugular venous pressure and basal crepitations. Other conditions may be confused with chronic heart failure, including dependent oedema or oedema due to renal or hepatic disease. Shortness of breath may be due to respiratory disease or severe anaemia. Heart failure secondary to lung disease (cor pulmonale) should be distinguished from congestive cardiac failure. Heart failure may also present with… CONTINUE READING