Chronic exposure to low concentration of arsenic is immunotoxic to fish: role of head kidney macrophages as biomarkers of arsenic toxicity to Clarias batrachus.

@article{Datta2009ChronicET,
  title={Chronic exposure to low concentration of arsenic is immunotoxic to fish: role of head kidney macrophages as biomarkers of arsenic toxicity to Clarias batrachus.},
  author={Soma Subhra Datta and Debabrata Ghosh and Dhira Rani Saha and Shelley Bhattacharaya and Shibnath Mazumder},
  journal={Aquatic toxicology},
  year={2009},
  volume={92 2},
  pages={86-94}
}
The present study was aimed at elucidating the effect of chronic low-level arsenic exposure on the head kidney (HK) of Clarias batrachus and at determining the changes in head kidney macrophage (HKM) activity in response to arsenic exposure. Chronic exposure (30 days) to arsenic (As(2)O(3), 0.50 microM) led to significant increase in arsenic content in the HK accompanied by reduction in both HKM number and head kidney somatic index (HKSI). Arsenic induced HK hypertrophy, reduction in melano… CONTINUE READING

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Toxicological effects of arsenate exposure on hematological, biochemical and liver transaminases activity in an Indian major carp, Catla catla.

Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association • 2010
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