Chronic elevation of parathyroid hormone in mice reduces expression of sclerostin by osteocytes: a novel mechanism for hormonal control of osteoblastogenesis.

Both chronic excess of PTH, as in hyperparathyroidism, and intermittent elevation of PTH (by daily injections) increase the number of osteoblasts; albeit, the former is associated with bone catabolism and the later with bone anabolism. Intermittent PTH increases osteoblast number by attenuating osteoblast apoptosis, an effect that requires the transcription… (More)