Chronic cerebral spinal venous insufficiency in multiple sclerosis.

  title={Chronic cerebral spinal venous insufficiency in multiple sclerosis.},
  author={E. Mark Haacke},
  journal={Expert review of neurotherapeutics},
  volume={11 1},
At a workshop in Bologna (Italy) in 2009, Professor Paolo Zamboni openly discussed research that he had been pursuing for the previous few years regarding the role of venous flow abnormalities in multiple sclerosis (MS). His data demonstrated that there were major extracranial venous abnormalities in MS patients. He did not claim that these were ‘the’ etiology of MS, rather he noted that they were associated with MS and not generally with normal individuals. He referred to the resulting… CONTINUE READING

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