Chronic bilateral thalamic stimulation: a new therapeutic approach in intractable Tourette syndrome. Report of three cases.

@article{VisserVandewalle2003ChronicBT,
  title={Chronic bilateral thalamic stimulation: a new therapeutic approach in intractable Tourette syndrome. Report of three cases.},
  author={Veerle Visser-Vandewalle and Yasin Temel and Peter Boon and Fred W. Vreeling and Henry Colle and Govert Hoogland and Henk J. Groenewegen and C. Th. M. van der Linden},
  journal={Journal of neurosurgery},
  year={2003},
  volume={99 6},
  pages={1094-100}
}
Based on the results of thalamotomies described by Hassler in 1970, the authors performed bilateral thalamic high-frequency stimulation (HFS) in three patients with intractable Tourette syndrome (TS). In this report they describe the long-term effects. Three male patients (42, 28, and 45 years of age) had manifested motor and vocal tics since early childhood. The diagnosis of TS was made according to the criteria of the Tourette Syndrome Classification Study Group. Any drug or alternative… CONTINUE READING
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