Chronic back pain with possible prescription opioid misuse.


IMPORTANCE Data on the effectiveness and safety of long-term opioid therapy for chronic pain are limited. Opioid adherence monitoring includes urine drug testing. Determining whether a patient's opioid prescription should be discontinued after an unexpected urine test result can be clinically complex. OBJECTIVE To review safe opioid prescribing practices… (More)
DOI: 10.1001/jama.2013.522


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@article{Alford2013ChronicBP, title={Chronic back pain with possible prescription opioid misuse.}, author={Daniel P. Alford}, journal={JAMA}, year={2013}, volume={309 9}, pages={919-25} }