Chronic Achilles Tendinopathy: A Survey of Surgical and Histopathologic Findings Mats

@article{strm1995ChronicAT,
  title={Chronic Achilles Tendinopathy: A Survey of Surgical and Histopathologic Findings Mats},
  author={Mats {\AA}str{\"o}m and Alf Rausing},
  journal={Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research},
  year={1995},
  volume={\&NA;},
  pages={151–164}
}
The surgical findings and the histopathology are reported for 163 patients (134 males, 29 females; mean age, 38 years; range, 13–72 years; 75% athletes) with chronic Achilles tendinopathy. Biopsy specimens from symptomatic (155 cases) and nonsymptomatic (90 cases) parts of the tendon and from the paratenon (97 cases) were obtained. Surgical reports were reviewed and histopathology was evaluated according to a standardized protocol. Eighteen tendons also were analyzed by immunofluorescence for… 
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TLDR
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TLDR
This review will focus on insertional tendinopathy and will discuss related disorders including retrocalcaneal bursitis and Haglund’s deformity.
Prevalence of Asymptomatic Achilles Tendinosis
TLDR
This group of patients was generally young, healthy, and active, thus a group at risk for ATRs, and it may be advantageous to prophylactically treat these patients with rehabilitation exercises to minimize the risk of ATR.
Different distributions of operative diagnoses for Achilles tendon overuse injuries in Italian and Finnish athletes.
BACKGROUND the origin of chronic Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is currently unclear and epidemiological factors, such as ethnicity, may be associated. METHODS intraoperative findings from the
Etiologic Factors Associated with Symptomatic Achilles Tendinopathy
TLDR
Obesity, hypertension, and steroids have as their end-organ effect a diminution of local microvascularity in the development of Achilles tendinopathy.
Light Microscopic Histology of Achilles Tendon Ruptures
TLDR
Nonruptured Achilles tendons, even at an advanced age, and ruptures are clearly part of two distinct populations, using these staining techniques, light microscopic degeneration is not a feature of tendons from healthy, older persons.
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