The genes coding for adenosine kinase (ADK; ATP:adenosine 5'-phosphotransferase, EC 22.214.171.124) and esterase-10 (ES-10; carboxylesterase, carboxylic-ester hydrolase, EC 126.96.36.199) are both located on chromosome 14 in the mouse. The near-diploid mouse cell line CAK is heterozygous for two electrophoretic variants of ES-10. Recessive Adk- mutants of CAK have been isolated and analyzed for Es-10 phenotype and karyotypic abnormalities. Two classes of mutants were found with approximatley equal frequencies: those that remained heterozygous in the expression of Es-10 and those that expressed only one Es-10 allele. Of the mutants that lacked one form of ES-10, approximately half were missing most or all of one copy of chromosome 14; the other contained two copies of 14, frequently in the form of an isochromosome. There were no abnormalities of this chromosome found among the mutants that were Es-10 heterozygotes. These results suggest that the expression of an autosomal recessive mutation in near-diploid mouse cells is frequently associated with events that result in the segregation of a physically linked marker and part or all of a chromosome.