Chromosome phylogenies of man, great apes, and old world monkeys

  title={Chromosome phylogenies of man, great apes, and old world monkeys},
  author={Jean de Grouchy},
The karyotypes of man and of the closely related Pongidae — chimpanzee, gorilla, and orangutan — differ by a small number of well known rearrangements, mainly pericentric inversions and one fusion which reduced the chromosome number from 48 in the Pongidae to 46 in man. Dutrillaux et al. (1973, 1975, 1979) reconstructed the chromosomal phylogeny of the entire primate order. More and more distantly related species were compared thus moving backward in evolution to the common ancestors of the… 
Cytogenetics of Howler Monkeys
Together with the multiple autosomal rearrangements found in the genus, the howler monkey’s sex chromosome systems constitute an illustrative example of the possible chromosomal evolutionary mechanisms in Platyrrhini.
Primate chromosome evolution: Ancestral karyotypes, marker order and neocentromeres
The dataset of BAC-FISH marker order for human syntenies 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 12, 17, 18, 19, 21, 22 and the X is complete and hypotheses about the content, marker order and centromere position in ancestral karyotypes at five major branching points on the primate evolutionary tree are developed.
Evolutionary divergence of human chromosome 9 as revealed by the position of the ABL protooncogene in higher primates
Despite the presence of the ABL protooncogene on human equivalent ape chromosomes, molecular systematics will continue to generate enigmas in the evolutionary context until the entire genome is sequenced.
A molecular cytogenetic study of chromosome evolution in chimpanzee
We applied multitude multicolor banding (mMCB) in combination with a novel FISH DNA probe set including subcentromeric, subtelomeric and whole chromosome painting probes (subCTM) to characterize a
Number of ancestral human species: a molecular perspective.
  • D. Curnoe, A. Thorne
  • Biology
    Homo : internationale Zeitschrift fur die vergleichende Forschung am Menschen
  • 2003
The mitochondrial "African Eve" hypothesis based on a far more recent origin for H. sapiens is called into question, and the limits for intraspecific morphological variation used by many palaeoanthropologists have been set too low.
The telomeric sync model of speciation: species-wide telomere erosion triggers cycles of transposon-mediated genomic rearrangements, which underlie the saltatory appearance of nonadaptive characters
Evidence is presented for the existence of a cell biological mechanism that strongly points to the almost forgotten European concept of saltatory evolution of nonadaptive characters, which is in perfect agreement with the gaps in the fossil record.
The genomic synteny at DNA level between human and chimpanzee chromosomes
Cross-hybridization data using human-derived whole chromosome paints (WCPs) suggests an apparent genomic synteny with chimpanzee chromosomes at the DNA level, thus providing a better understanding of an evolutionary relationship between humans and chimpanzees.
Evolution of the Simiiformes and the phylogeny of human chromosomes
The results indicate that the chromosomes that underwent a higher number of reorganizations during the evolution of the Simiiformes coincide with the chromosomes most often implicated in human chromosome pathology.
Isozymes as bioprobes for genetic analysis of nonhuman primates
A number of red cell enzyme polymorphisms in each of the following four primate species are found, indicating trends of subspeciation among chimpanzees and orang utans due to geographic barriers leading to reproductive isolation.
Telomeric repeat [TTAGGG]n sequences of human chromosomes are conserved in chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)
Molecular and cytogenetic data presently suggest that the two species are closely related, and the recent isolation of a human telomeric probe has prompted us to cross hybridize it to chimpanzee chromosomes in order to explore convergence and/or divergence of the telomersic repeat sequences.


Chromosomal evolution in Primates: Tentative phylogeny from Microcebus murinus (Prosimian) to man
The karyotypes of more than 60 species of Primates are studied and compared, with the use of almost all existing banding techniques, and a fairly precise genealogy of many Primates is proposed, giving the positions of the Catarrhines, the Platyrrhines, and the Prosimians is proposed.
The origin of man: a chromosomal pictorial legacy.
A comparative analysis of high-resolution chromosomes from orangutan, gorilla, chimpanzee, and man suggests that 18 or 23 pairs of chromosomes of modern man are virtually identical to those of the authors' "common hominoid ancestor", with the remaining pairs slightly different.
Evolution of primate chromosomes.
It is suggested that man is more closely related to the gorilla than to the chimpanzee, and chromosomes with similar banding patterns in different species often carry the same genes.
Gene mapping of the gibbon. Its position in primate evolution
The results strongly suggest that the Hylobatidae diverged from the common stem leading to the Pongidae after the Cercopithecoidae had diverged.
Chromosomal phylogeny of the primates.
Man and the Pongidae 309 Evolution of Certain Chromosomes Over Fifty Million Years 3 1 1 The Mechanisms of Speciation 315 Chromosome Fusions 315 Pericentric Inversions 316 Paracentric Inversions 318 Chromosom Fission 318 Heterochromatic Regions ....., 3 19.
Chromosomal phylogeny of forty-two species or subspecies of cercopithecoids (Primates Catarrhini).
A tentative to reconcile chromosomal, biochemical and morphological data is presented for Papioninae, for which chromosome study alone is not sufficient to construct a cladogram.
Karyotype of the gibbons hylobates lar and h. moloch inversion in chromosome 7.
A karyotype of the gibbon, Hylobates, has been prepared based on the chromosome banding patterns produced by quinacrine, trypsin-Giemsa, and centromeric heterochromatin stains, suggesting a relatively large evolutionary departure from the higher primates.
Chromosome study of Presbytis cristatus: presence of a complex Y-autosome rearrangement in the male.
The phyletic position of this species, in relation to genus Colobus, is proposed, considering the sequence of chromosomal rearrangements which occurred during their evolution.
Chromosomal evolution in Malagasy lemurs. IV. Chromosome banding studies in the genuses Phaner, Varecia, Lemur, Microcebus, and Cheirogaleus.
The karotypes of five species of Malagasy lemurs are described and compared with those of 12 previously studied species or subspecies. Based on these studies, phylogenetic relationships among nearly
Complete or almost complete analogy of chromosome banding between the baboon (Papio papio) and man
The karyotype of the baboon was studied using several staining techniques and it appears that the quasi totality, if not the totality, of the chromosome bands are common, when the heterochromatin is exclude.