Chromated steel and contact allergy

  title={Chromated steel and contact allergy},
  author={Urban Wass and Jan E. Wahlberg},
  journal={Contact Dermatitis},
Steel surfaces can be treated with zinc and chromates to prevent the steel from rusting. Cases of allergic contact dermatitis due to the release of hexavalent chromium (Cr6+) from chromated surfaces have been reported. The main purpose of the present study was to develop a simple procedure for the determination of leachable Cr6+ that could be used in industrial applications to check the quality of chromated products and to establish a “threshold limit value” for such products. Occlusive tests… Expand
Nickel, cobalt and chromium in consumer products: a role in allergic contact dermatitis?
The analytical data demonstrate that consumer products are a relatively minor source of contact with nickel, cobalt or chromium, and it is necessary to focus on decreasing the high exposure to these transition metals from other sources rather than on possible trace amounts found in consumer products. Expand
Review of the allergic contact dermatitis hazard posed by chromium-contaminated soil: identifying a "safe" concentration.
Based on 10% solubilization of soil-bound Cr(VI) and the results of the statistical analysis of previous threshold studies, a concentration of approximately 350 to 500 ppm Cr( VI) in soil should be sufficiently low to protect virtually all exposed people, including children, from chromium-induced allergic contact dermatitis. Expand
Metal Allergy: Chromium
Allergic contact dermatitis to chromium (Cr) is one of the most common and most severe metal allergies. Chromium-sensitized persons need to strictly avoid contact with chromium, which is a difficultExpand
Influence of Surface Coating on Metal Ion Release: Evaluation in Patients With Metal Allergy.
The authors concluded that the surface coating may prevent cutaneous and peri-implant allergic reactions in patients with metal allergy who had symptom relief by revision with surface-coated arthroplasty. Expand
Dermal exposure to chromium in electroplating.
In manual electroplating processes, dermal exposure was higher than in semi-automatic and automatic processes and the amount of hexavalent chromium the workers were exposed to is probably high enough to cause a risk of skin sensitization. Expand
Safety assessment of chromium by exposure from cosmetic products
Dermal exposure to chromium concentrations ranging from 0.0002 to 0.003 μg/cm2 does not appear to cause concern for eliciting allergic contact dermatitis, and dose-response information can be integrated with site-specific exposure assessments to regulate consumer safety by use of these products. Expand
Dermatological Toxicity of Hexavalent Chromium
This report reviews the etiology, prevalence, pathology, dose-response, and prognosis of chromium ACD and recommends reducing the hexavalent chromiumconcentrations in consumer products, such as detergents, to less than 5 ppm. Expand
Romanian health and safety regulations require employers to monitor the exposure by a suitable procedure in any case where it is necessary for ensuring the maintenance of adequate control of exposureExpand
Metals and the skin.
It is clear that many diverse factors determine the ability of metal-based species to permeate biological membranes, not all of which have been fully defined and considerably more experimentation will be required before the specification of practically useful structure-activity relationships are possible. Expand
Occupational Risk from Chromium.
Abstract : U.S. Navy (Navy) operations require the use of chrome (Cr) compounds in its various defense program activities. However, certain forms of Cr have been shown to cause acute and chronicExpand


Prevalence of cement eczema in Denmark before and since addition of ferrous sulfate to Danish cement.
There was a statistically significant decrease in the prevalence of chromate allergy and hand eczema following the addition of ferrous sulfate, but there was no change in the frequency of skin irritation. Expand
Patch testing with potassium dichromate in different vehicles.
  • E. Skog, J. Wahlberg
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • Giornale italiano di dermatolotia. Minerva dermatologica
  • 1969
Percutaneous absorption studies on guinea pigs showed increased absorption of chromium from alkaline solutions compared with the two other vehicles, and it is considered that this condition is probably the cause of the greater sensitivity when patch testing with chromium in alkaline solution. Expand
Nickel allergy: tolerance to metallic surface‐plated samples in nickel‐sensitive humans and guinea pigs
Evaluating in nickel‐sensitive patients and guinea pigs the tolerance to nickel samples, surface‐plated with one or several metals of varying structures and thick nesses found the interposing of a layer of bright copper between nickel and surface chrome greatly increased the tolerance. Expand
Clinical laboratory staiistics, 2nd edition
  • 1979
Chromium dermatitis from galvanized sheets.