Christmas and New Year as risk factors for death.

  title={Christmas and New Year as risk factors for death.},
  author={David P. Phillips and Gwendolyn E. C. Barker and Kimberly M Brewer},
  journal={Social science \& medicine},
  volume={71 8},

Figures and Tables from this paper

Increased suicides during new year, but not during Christmas in Sweden: analysis of cause of death data 2006–2015

The decrease in suicides on the day before New Year’s Day suggests a delay rather than a spontaneous increase of suicides, which is in line with previous research from other countries.

Diagnostic and age composition of excess mortality associated with the New Year holidays in Russia

January 1 saw the highest excess mortality from external causes, including that of alcohol poisoning, homicide, and suicide, in all age groups; on January 2 the highest increase was observed in mortality from diseases of the circulatory system; onJanuary 9 and 10 — from the pathologies of the respiratory and digestive systems.

Deaths and major biographical events: a study of all cancer deaths in Germany from 1995 to 2009

While there is no evidence of different death numbers before and after Easter and birthdays, the appearance of Christmas seems to increase deaths.

Weather Trumps Festivity? More Cardiovascular Disease Events Occur in Winter than in December Holidays in Queensland, Australia

Most CVD events in Queensland occurred in winter rather than during the December holidays, and potentially cost-effective initiatives should be explored such as encouraging patients with CVD conditions to wear warmer clothes during cold temperatures and/or insulating the homes of CVD patients who cannot otherwise afford to.

Clinical complexity and hospital admissions in the December holiday period

The evaluation of all CC components could potentially represent a useful tool for a more rational resource allocation over this time of the year, and this could be attributable to the grater CC, especially related to socioeconomic (social deprivation, low income) and behavioral factors (inappropriate diet).

Effect of new year holidays on hospital mortality: a time series study

Reduced quality of services during the holidays is a prominent issue and leads to increased hospital death, which hospital managers can improve by identifying the root causes and by taking measures such as increased and balanced distribution of human resources, equipping hospitals and improving supervision during holidays.

Homicides during the Barranquilla Carnival, Colombia: A 10 Year Time-Series Analysis

Whether an association exists between Carnival in Barranquilla, Colombia, and an increase in homicides in the city is explored to serve as a basis for evaluating whether current strategies have a positive effect on controlling it.


A semiparametric model is used and mortality data are used to evaluate cause of death trends and finds no evidence of significant excess deaths due to cancer, hypertension, respiratory diseases, cerebrovascular disease, suicide, homicide, falling accidents and traffic accidents from September 2017 to March 2018.

Excess mortality related to seasonal influenza and extreme temperatures in Denmark, 1994-2010

It is doable to model influenza-related mortality based on data on all-cause mortality and ILI, data that are easily obtainable in many countries and less subject to bias and subjective interpretation than cause-of-death data.

Hypothesis Holiday sudden cardiac death: food and alcohol inhibition of SULT1A enzymes as a precipitant

  • K. Eagle
  • Medicine
    Journal of applied toxicology : JAT
  • 2012
Data is reviewed that supports a hypothesized mechanism whereby critical SULT1A catecholamine deactivation enzymes can in some patients be inhibited by naturally‐occurring phenols and polyphenols in foods and alcohols, and raises parallels between sudden cardiac death in adults and SIDS.



Cardiac Mortality Is Higher Around Christmas and New Year’s Than at Any Other Time: The Holidays as a Risk Factor for Death

The findings suggest that the Christmas/New Year’s holidays are a risk factor for cardiac and noncardiac mortality, including the possibility that holiday-induced delays in seeking treatment play a role in producing the twin holiday spikes.

When throughout the year is coronary death most likely to occur? A 12-year population-based analysis of more than 220 000 cases.

Even in the mild climate of Los Angeles County, there are seasonal variations in the development of coronary artery death, with approximately 33% more deaths occurring in December and January than in June through September.

Variation in deliberate self-harm around Christmas and New Year.

Mortality Spike at New Year but not Christmas in North East England

  • E. Milne
  • Medicine
    European Journal of Epidemiology
  • 2005
The absence of a Christmas spike in NNT may indicate that it is preventable, and a spike in mortality attributable to increases in cardiac and respiratory deaths was seen on New Year’s Day but not on Christmas Day.

Changes in mortalities and hospital admissions associated with holidays and respiratory illness: implications for medical services

Net mortalities increase during and after reductions in medical services, either at average weekends, or at Christmas when pressure from illness is unusually high, but respiratory deaths accelerated sharply after reduction in elective and emergency admissions at Christmas.

Holidays, birthdays, and postponement of cancer death.

There is no evidence, in contrast to previous studies, that cancer patients are able to postpone their deaths to survive significant religious, social, or personal events.

The "Merry Christmas Coronary" and "Happy New Year Heart Attack" phenomenon.

A study that examined whether there are seasonable variations in cardiac mortality in a location where winter weather is mild—Los Angeles County, Calif—was struck by an increase in deaths starting around Thanksgiving, climbing through Christmas, peaking on New Year’s Day, and then falling, whereas daily minimum temperatures remained relatively flat during December and January.

An increase in the number of deaths in the United States in the first week of the month--an association with substance abuse and other causes of death.

There were significant increases in the number of deaths in the first week of the month for many causes of death, including substance abuse, natural causes, homicides, suicides, and motor vehicle accidents.

Influenza and its relationship to circulatory disorders

Three sources of data (general practice episode data from the Weekly Returns Service, national hospital admission data for England and national mortality data by date of death) were examined separately in each winter to investigate the impact of influenza on circulatory disease.

Annual and New Year's Day alcohol-related traffic fatalities--United States, 1982-1990.

  • Medicine
    MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report
  • 1991
This report summarizes data from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's (NHTSA) Fatal Accident Reporting System on trends in ARTFs in the United States from 1982 through 1990 both annually and for January 1 of each year.