Christian Impurity versus Economic Necessity: A Fifteenth-Century Fatwa on European Paper

@article{Halevi2008ChristianIV,
  title={Christian Impurity versus Economic Necessity: A Fifteenth-Century Fatwa on European Paper},
  author={Leor Halevi},
  journal={Speculum},
  year={2008},
  volume={83},
  pages={917 - 945}
}
It is one of the perverse ironies of history that in the early fifteenth century Mus lims were forced to react to the rising dominance of European paper. Four cen turies after the Muslims had learned the craft in Central Asia and long after they had developed new papermaking techniques, the commodity was still largely un known in Europe beyond the Alps and the Pyrenees. Writing around 1144, shortly after his pilgrimage from France to Santiago de Compostela, Peter the Venerable remarked with… 

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