Choosing to Compete: How Different are Girls and Boys?

  title={Choosing to Compete: How Different are Girls and Boys?},
  author={Alison Booth and Patrick James Nolen},
  journal={Behavioral \& Experimental Economics},
  • A. Booth, P. Nolen
  • Published 1 March 2009
  • Psychology
  • Behavioral & Experimental Economics
Using a controlled experiment, we examine the role of nurture in explaining the stylized fact that women shy away from competition. Our subjects (students just under 15 years of age) attend publicly-funded single-sex and coeducational schools. We find robust differences between the competitive choices of girls from single-sex and coed schools. Moreover, girls from single-sex schools behave more like boys even when randomly assigned to mixed-sex experimental groups. Thus it is untrue that the… 
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