Choosing the Form of Government: Theory and Evidence from Brazil

@article{Nakaguma2012ChoosingTF,
  title={Choosing the Form of Government: Theory and Evidence from Brazil},
  author={Marcos Yamada Nakaguma},
  journal={Public Choice: Analysis of Collective Decision-Making eJournal},
  year={2012}
}
  • M. Y. Nakaguma
  • Published 1 December 2015
  • Political Science
  • Public Choice: Analysis of Collective Decision-Making eJournal
This article proposes a model to study the main factors that influence the preferences of different population groups between presidential and parliamentary systems. Ceteris paribus, the poor groups in the population tend to prefer a presidential system relatively more than the rich, as the lower quality of their local accountability institutions (e.g. local media and judicial courts) makes them more vulnerable to the expropriation of rents by their legislators. The model is able to account for… 
Optimal Checks and Balances Under Policy Uncertainty
Political checks and balances are certainly among the most debated desiderata in the construction of democratic systems and their evaluation. This paper suggests a conceptual framework that could be
What determines preferences for an electoral system? Evidence from a binding referendum
Much has been written about politicians’ preferences for electoral systems, yet little is known about the preferences of voters. In 1993, New Zealand had a binding electoral referendum on the same

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 75 REFERENCES
Government Form and Public Spending: Theory and Evidence from U.S. Municipalities
There are two main forms of government in U.S. cities: council-manager and mayor-council. This paper develops a theory of fiscal policy determination under these two forms. The theory predicts that
Comparative Politics and Public Finance
We propose a model with micropolitical foundations to contrast different political regimes. Compared to a parliamentary regime, the institutions of a presidential‐congressional regime produce fewer
Institutional Engineering and the Nature of Representation: Mapping the Effects of Electoral Reform in Colombia
Representation can vary depending on whether legislators view constitu? ents as best represented by aggregated, programmatic universal policies or by parochial, particularistic policies. In 1991
The Deadlock of Democracy in Brazil
Many countries have experimented with different electoral rules in order either to increase involvement in the political system or make it easier to form stable governments. Barry Ames explores this
Endogenous Constitutions
We present a theory of the choice of alternative democratic constitutions, a majoritarian or a consensual one, in an unequal society. We show that a consensual system turns out to be preferred by
Economic Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy
This book develops a framework for analyzing the creation and consolidation of democracy. Different social groups prefer different political institutions because of the way they allocate political
Electoral Rules and Constitutional Structures as Constraints on Corruption
Electoral rules and constitutional structures can influence the level of political corruption. We show that proportional representation (PR) systems are more susceptible to corrupt political
Preference for Presidentialism: Postcommunist Regime Change in Russia and the NIS
The recent wave of democratic transitions has stimulated scholarly interest in a previously undeveloped area of study: comparative presidentialism. Comparative presidentialism seeks to define variant
Factions and Political Competition
This paper presents a new model of political competition in which candidates belong to factions. Before elections, factions compete to direct local public goods to their local constituencies. The
WHY DID THE WEST EXTEND THE FRANCHISE ? DEMOCRACY , INEQUALITY , AND GROWTH IN HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE *
During the nineteenth century most Western societies extended voting rights, a decision that led to unprecedented redistributive programs. We argue that these political reforms can be viewed as
...
...