Choosing the Appropriate Scale of Reserves for Conservation

  title={Choosing the Appropriate Scale of Reserves for Conservation},
  author={Mark W. Schwartz},
  journal={Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics},
  • M. Schwartz
  • Published 1999
  • Geography
  • Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics
▪ Abstract Over the past ten years the scientific basis for reserve selection and design have rapidly developed. This period has also been characterized by a shift in emphasis toward large spatial and organizational scales of conservation efforts. I discuss the evidence in support of this shift toward larger scale conservation by contrasting the success of fine-filter (genes, populations, species) conservation and coarse-filter (communities, habitats, ecosystems, landscapes) conservation… Expand
Conservation value of small reserves.
  • Zoe M. Volenec, A. Dobson
  • Medicine, Geography
  • Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
  • 2019
It is argued that small reserves can make viable and significant contributions to conservation goals directly as habitat and indirectly by increasing landscape connectivity and quality to the benefit of large reserves. Expand
The importance of small urban reserves for plant conservation
There has been much debate about the effectiveness of different sized reserves for nature conservation. However, in human-dominated landscapes such as cities, conservation reserve systems are, byExpand
Combining Strategies to Select Reserves in Fragmented Landscapes
In the identification of reserve networks in fragmented landscapes with limited species-specific data at hand, one approach is to use selection criteria, such as patch size, to rank the habitatExpand
2002-09-24 1 Reserves , resilience and dynamic landscapes
In a world increasingly modified by human activities, the conservation of biodiversity is essential as insurance to maintain resilient ecosystems and ensure a sustainable flow of ecosystem goods andExpand
Strategic reserve design in the central coast of British Columbia: integrating ecological and industrial goals
This work created example reserve designs using the simulated annealing algorithm of SITES 1.0 and then contrasted these designs with a proposed reserve design negotiated as a multi stakeholder process for British Columbia's central coast. Expand
Exploring the mesofilter as a novel operational scale in conservation planning
The results indicate that the use of an abiotic surrogate such as rockiness can predict biodiversity value across multiple taxa and is therefore a valuable surrogacy and congruency tool for practical biodiversity conservation across this landscape and would likely have similar value if explored elsewhere. Expand
Coarse and fine filters, gap analysis, and systematic conservation planning
This paper compares the principal concepts and methodologies that have been developed in conservation planning over the past few decades and proposes consensual grounds for a definition of coarse filter and fine filter. Expand
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Present static reserves should be complemented with dynamic reserves that are part of ecosystem management mimicking natural disturbance regimes at the landscape level, such as ecological fallows and dynamic successional reserves. Expand
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Determining what constitutes a suitable habitat for different species is a fundamental part of applied ecology and is the core component of many conservation planning strategies. Information onExpand
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Reserve design is one of the most fundamental tools conservationists have to protect, maintain, or enhance ecosystem function, heterogeneity or patchiness, and ultimately, biological diversity.Expand
From plant communities to landscapes in conservation inventories: A look at the nature conservancy (USA)
Abstract The Nature Conservancy (TNC—USA) has developed an efficient system for inventory and evaluation of ‘elements-of-diversity’. The major components of this system are a ‘fine filter’ forExpand
The main conclusions are as follows: the number of species that a reserve can hold at equilibrium is a function of its area and its isolation, and larger reserves, and reserves located close to other reserves, can hold more species. Expand
Patch dynamics and the design of nature reserves
This work has suggested that the design of reserves should be based on ‘minimum dynamic area’, the smallest area with a natural disturbance regime which maintains internal recolonisation sources and hence minimises extinctions. Expand
An evaluation of alternative strategies for building networks of nature reserves
Two alternative strategies suggested by the SLOSS debate (accumulating nature reserves from small- to-large (STL) or large-to-small (LTS) to the best possible network of reserves are compared to argue strongly against generic prescriptions for conserving biodiversity. Expand
On the Use of Surrogate Species in Conservation Biology
Surrogate species need to be used with greater care if they are to remain useful in conservation biology and both the goals and criteria of different surrogate classes differ substantially, indicating they should not be conflated. Expand
Rare species, the coincidence of diversity hotspots and conservation strategies
SPECIES conservation in situ requires networks of protected areas selected for high conservation interest1–3. Throughout most of the world, however, there are neither the resources nor the time toExpand
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The division between ecosystem and population ecologists is old, wide, and deep. This schism includes differences in values, history, culture, training, jargon, questions, interests, scale, methods,Expand
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This paper addresses the problem of which biota to choose to best satisfy the conservation goals for a particular region in the face of inadequate resources, and asserts that focusing on species is not the best approach. Expand
Conserving Ecosystem Function
Successful conservation efforts require a consideration of ecosystem function. In this chapter, I present seven principles from ecosystem science to serve as a foundation for ecosystem conservation:Expand