Choosing Prediction Over Explanation in Psychology: Lessons From Machine Learning

  title={Choosing Prediction Over Explanation in Psychology: Lessons From Machine Learning},
  author={T. Yarkoni and Jacob Westfall},
  journal={Perspectives on Psychological Science},
  pages={1100 - 1122}
  • T. Yarkoni, Jacob Westfall
  • Published 2017
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Perspectives on Psychological Science
  • Psychology has historically been concerned, first and foremost, with explaining the causal mechanisms that give rise to behavior. Randomized, tightly controlled experiments are enshrined as the gold standard of psychological research, and there are endless investigations of the various mediating and moderating variables that govern various behaviors. We argue that psychology’s near-total focus on explaining the causes of behavior has led much of the field to be populated by research programs… CONTINUE READING
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