Cholinesterase activity depression among California agricultural pesticide applicators.

  title={Cholinesterase activity depression among California agricultural pesticide applicators.},
  author={Richard G. Ames and S. K. Brown and D. C. Mengle and E Kahn and James W. Stratton and Richard J. Jackson},
  journal={American journal of industrial medicine},
  volume={15 2},
Cholinesterase activity measurements for 542 California agricultural pesticide applicators under medical supervision during the first 9 months of 1985 were analyzed. Twenty-six workers, 4.8% of the sample, had cholinesterase values at or below the California threshold values for removal from continued exposure to cholinesterase-inhibiting pesticides (60% of baseline for red blood cell cholinesterase and 50% of baseline for plasma cholinesterase activity). Eight of these 26 workers, 31.5%, had… Expand
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This article is a review of blood cholinesterase activity in a cohort of urban pesticide applicators ranging from 1680 to over 3800 workers with an average of 6 samples per year from each worker during the period 1981-1991. Expand
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  • Chemistry, Medicine
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A preliminary survey was undertaken to establish the extent of pesticide exposure in a farming community in a coffee plantation in the northern region of South Africa, and found that farm workers with specific pesticide exposure had their red blood cell cholinesterase levels below the normal reference range. Expand
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The California ChE monitoring program serves as a useful and cost-effective means of preventing organophosphate and carbamate overexposure and self-reported symptoms were not found to be a valuable tool in measuring exposure. Expand
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Routine assessment of cholinesterase level in workers employed in such occupations and people handling pesticides should be made obligatory because of the significant decrease in EChE and SChE levels among pesticide workers. Expand
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  • Medicine
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This investigation over a period of three years covers the variation in cholinesterase activity in blood collected at regular intervals from a group of orchardists who grow apples and cherries on the Mornington Peninsula. Expand
Clinical confirmation of organophosphate poisoning by serial cholinesterase analyses.
The data support the use of sequential postexposure plasma cholinesterase analyses to confirm the diagnosis of organophosphate-induced illness in the absence of baseline values. Expand
Minimizing occupational exposure to pesticides: cholinesterase determination and organophosphorus poisoning.
In most instances Cholinesterase determination in people is carried out either: (1) as part of a surveillance procedure to prevent poisoning in people exposed to organophosphorus compounds or (2) asExpand
Poisoning due to organophosphate insecticides. Acute and chronic manifestations.
Two patients with Diazinon ® poisoning and the second with parathion poisoning illustrate the acute manifestations, the criteria for diagnosis, and treatment with pralidoxime and atropine in organophosphate poisoning. Expand
Pesticide related illness in California farm workers.
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  • Medicine
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  • 1976