Cholinergic systems in the rat brain: III. Projections from the pontomesencephalic tegmentum to the thalamus, tectum, basal ganglia, and basal forebrain

@article{Woolf1986CholinergicSI,
  title={Cholinergic systems in the rat brain: III. Projections from the pontomesencephalic tegmentum to the thalamus, tectum, basal ganglia, and basal forebrain},
  author={Nancy J. Woolf and Larry L. Butcher},
  journal={Brain Research Bulletin},
  year={1986},
  volume={16},
  pages={603-637}
}

Brainstem afferents to the magnocellular basal forebrain studied by axonal transport, immunohistochemistry, and electrophysiology in the rat

TLDR
Brainstem afferents to the magnocellular basal forebrain were studied by using tract tracing, immunohistochemistry and extracellular recordings in the rat to find labelled neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta, mesencephalic and pontine reticular formation.

Cholinergic and non-cholinergic projections from the upper brainstem core to the visual thalamus in the cat

TLDR
Findings reveal the existence of a prominent cholinergic projection from the brainstem reticular formation to the visual thalamic nuclei, probably involved in phasic and tonic events of activated behavioral states.

Basal forebrain cholinergic and noncholinergic projections to the thalamus and brainstem in cats and monkeys

TLDR
The findings reveal the existence of cholinergic and noncholinergic basal forebrain projections to the thalamus and the brainstem in both cats and macaque monkeys and suggest that these projections may play a crucial role in the control of thalamic functions in mammals.
...

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TLDR
Rat basal forebrain projections to the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus (MD) are examined by making injections of retrogradely transported fluorescent tracers into the MD and a large number of labeled cells are present in the olfactory tubercle, and these cells are almost without exception located in dense GAD- positive ventral pallidal areas rather than in striatal regions of the tubercle.

Cholinergic innervation of cortex by the basal forebrain: Cytochemistry and cortical connections of the septal area, diagonal band nuclei, nucleus basalis (Substantia innominata), and hypothalamus in the rhesus monkey

The organization of projections from the cholinergic neurons of the basal forebrain to neocortex and associated structures was investigated in the rhesus monkey with the help of horseradish

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TLDR
The findings show the MD as a thalamic link of three different groups of brainstem structures projecting to different cortical areas with different functional significance.
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