Cholesterol-Lowering Efficacy of Plant Sterols in Low-Fat Yogurt Consumed as a Snack or with a Meal

@article{Rudkowska2008CholesterolLoweringEO,
  title={Cholesterol-Lowering Efficacy of Plant Sterols in Low-Fat Yogurt Consumed as a Snack or with a Meal},
  author={Iwona Rudkowska and Suhad S AbuMweis and Catherine Nicolle and Peter John Harris Jones},
  journal={Journal of the American College of Nutrition},
  year={2008},
  volume={27},
  pages={588 - 595}
}
Objective: Plant sterols (PS) consumed as a snack may not have the same cholesterol-lowering potential as when consumed with a meal due to poor solubilization. It was hypothesized that the consumption of a single dose, low-fat yogurt rich in PS (1.6 g/d) with a meal over an afternoon snack will lead to favourable changes in plasma lipids, plasma PS concentrations, and cholesterol synthesis without negatively affecting α-tocopherol or carotenoids levels. Methods: Twenty-six hyperlipidemic males… Expand
Low-Fat Nondairy Minidrink Containing Plant Stanol Ester Effectively Reduces LDL Cholesterol in Subjects with Mild to Moderate Hypercholesterolemia as Part of a Western Diet
TLDR
In conclusion, STAEST-containing soymilk-based low-fat minidrink consumed once a day with a meal lowered LDL and non-HDL cholesterol concentrations without evoking any side effects in subjects consuming normal Western diet. Expand
Consumption of a dietary portfolio of cholesterol lowering foods improves blood lipids without affecting concentrations of fat soluble compounds
TLDR
It is demonstrated that consuming a portfolio diet reduces serum total and LDL-C levels while increasing PS values, without altering fat soluble compounds concentrations, indicate portfolio diet as one of the best options for CVD risk reduction. Expand
EFFECT OF PHYTOSTEROL SUPPLEMENTED HEALTH FOOD (YOGHURT) ON LDL LEVELS -A PILOT STUDY
An investigation was carried out to study the effect of phytosterol supplemented health food (yoghurt) on LDL cholesterol and total cholesterol levels. Phytosterols are defined as plant sterols andExpand
Stearate-enriched plant sterol esters lower serum LDL cholesterol concentration in normo- and hypercholesterolemic adults.
TLDR
The findings demonstrate the usefulness of a novel stearate-enriched PS ester compound in decreasing LDL cholesterol in both normo- and hypercholesterolemic adults. Expand
Plasma fat-soluble vitamin and carotenoid concentrations after plant sterol and plant stanol consumption: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
TLDR
A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to assess the effects of plant sterol and stanol consumption on plasma fat-soluble vitamin and carotenoid concentrations found that intake lowers TC-standardized hydrocarbon carotENoid concentrations, differently affects TC- standardized oxygenatedCarotenoids concentrations, but does not affect TC-Standardized tocopherol concentrations or absolute retinol and vitamin D concentrations. Expand
Water dispersible plant sterol formulation shows improved effect on lipid profile compared to plant sterol esters
Abstract While the cholesterol-lowering efficacy of plant sterols (PS) is known, issues surrounding reduced PS solubility of some dietary formulations remain to be elucidated. This study determinedExpand
Consumption of plant sterol-enriched foods and effects on plasma plant sterol concentrations--a meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies.
TLDR
Investigation of the effect of PS-enriched foods on plasma PS concentrations by performing a meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies found increase in sitosterol and campesterol concentrations but total PS remain below 1% of total sterols circulating in the blood. Expand
Molecular insights into the mechanisms underlying the cholesterol-lowering effects of phytosterols.
TLDR
Progress to date in research on the molecular mechanisms underlying the cholesterol-lowering effects of phytosterols is reviewed, indicating a role for plant sterols in the transintestinal cholesterol excretion (TICE) pathway, although the exact mechanisms by which they promote the flow of cholesterol from blood to enterocytes and intestinal lumen remains unknown. Expand
Freeze-dried strawberry powder improves lipid profile and lipid peroxidation in women with metabolic syndrome: baseline and post intervention effects
TLDR
Short-term supplementation of freeze-dried strawberries appeared to exert hypocholesterolemic effects and decrease lipid peroxidation in women with metabolic syndrome. Expand
Phytosterols in the Treatment of Hypercholesterolemia and Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases
TLDR
Although phytosterols decrease LDL-cholesterol levels, there is no evidence that they reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases; on the contrary, some studies suggest an increased risk of atherosclerosis with increasing serum levels of phytesterols. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 37 REFERENCES
Effects of plant stanol esters supplied in low-fat yoghurt on serum lipids and lipoproteins, non-cholesterol sterols and fat soluble antioxidant concentrations.
TLDR
It is concluded that low-fat yoghurt enriched with plant stanol esters lowers within 1 week LDL cholesterol to the same extent as oil-based products. Expand
Intake occasion affects the serum cholesterol lowering of a plant sterol-enriched single-dose yoghurt drink in mildly hypercholesterolaemic subjects
TLDR
Results indicate that a PS-ester-enriched single-dose yoghurt drink effectively reduces LDL-C irrespective of the fat content of the product. Expand
Cholesterol-lowering effects of plant sterol esters differ in milk, yoghurt, bread and cereal
TLDR
This is the first study to demonstrate that cholesterol-lowering effects of plant sterol esters may differ according to the food matrix, and despite phytosterol-enriched cereal products resulting in lower serum cholesterol reductions compared to sterol- enriched milk, it is demonstrated that such products still delivered and releasedphytosterols to the gut. Expand
Phytosterols in low- and nonfat beverages as part of a controlled diet fail to lower plasma lipid levels Published, JLR Papers in Press, May 1, 2003. DOI 10.1194/jlr.M300089-JLR200
TLDR
Results show that intake of phytosterols in a low-fat beverage format is not efficacious for lipid level modification. Expand
Both free and esterified plant sterols reduce cholesterol absorption and the bioavailability of β-carotene and α-tocopherol in normocholesterolemic humans
BACKGROUND Plant sterols reduce cholesterol absorption, which leads to a decrease in plasma and LDL-cholesterol concentrations. Plant sterols also lower plasma concentrations of carotenoids andExpand
Effect of free plant sterols in low-fat milk on serum lipid profile in hypercholesterolemic subjects
TLDR
The present study shows for the first time a substantial reduction in LDL cholesterol with a new, partly vegetable oil-filled 1.2% low-fat milk product, containing nonesterified plant sterols from soybean oil, in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Expand
Both free and esterified plant sterols reduce cholesterol absorption and the bioavailability of beta-carotene and alpha-tocopherol in normocholesterolemic humans.
TLDR
Both plant sterols reduced beta-carotene and alpha-tocopherol bioavailability and cholesterol absorption in normocholesterolemic men, however, plant sterol esters reduced the bioavailability of beta- Carotenoids andalpha-ocopherol more than did plant free sterols. Expand
Safety aspects and cholesterol-lowering efficacy of low fat dairy products containing plant sterols
TLDR
Yoghurt, low-fat hard cheese and low-Fat fresh cheese enriched with a plant sterol mixture reduced serum cholesterol in hypercholesterolaemic subjects and no adverse effects were noted in the dietary control of hypercholesterololaemia. Expand
Plant sterol ester–enriched milk and yoghurt effectively reduce serum cholesterol in modestly hypercholesterolemic subjects
TLDR
Plant sterols in the form of their esters when provided in lowfat milk and yoghurt are effective in lowering total and LDL–cholesterol. Expand
Plant Sterol-Fortified Orange Juice Effectively Lowers Cholesterol Levels in Mildly Hypercholesterolemic Healthy Individuals
TLDR
Orange juice fortified with plant sterols are effective in reducing LDL cholesterol and could easily be incorporated into the therapeutic lifestyle changes dietary regimen. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...