Choking under pressure in sensorimotor skills: Conscious processing or depleted attentional resources?

  title={Choking under pressure in sensorimotor skills: Conscious processing or depleted attentional resources?},
  author={Daniel F. Gucciardi and James A. Dimmock},
  journal={Psychology of Sport and Exercise},

Learning by Analogies: Implications for Performance and Attentional Processes Under Pressure

Purpose. According to the self-focus theory of choking under pressure, conscious control of automated processes leads to a disruption of movement execution and deterioration in performance. In this

Putting pressure on theories of choking: towards an expanded perspective on breakdown in skilled performance

There is a widespread view that well-learned skills are automated, and that attention to the performance of these skills is damaging because it disrupts the automatic processes involved in their

Conscious processing and the process goal paradox.

The consistent pattern of the results lends support to the suggestion that, for skilled athletes who perform under competitive pressure, using a holistic process goal that focuses attention on global aspects of a motor skill is a more effective attentional focus strategy than using a part process goal.

Is Choking under Pressure a Consequence of Skill-Focus or Increased Distractibility? Results from a Tennis Serve Task

It has been repeatedly demonstrated that athletes often choke in high pressure situations because anxiety can affect attention regulation and in turn performance. There are two competing

From processing efficiency to attentional control: a mechanistic account of the anxiety–performance relationship

The aim of this paper is to outline the development of Eysenck and Calvo's (1992) processing efficiency theory (PET) and to summarise research testing its predictions in the sporting domain. PET

Analogy vs. Technical Learning in a Golf Putting Task: An Analysis of Performance Outcomes and Attentional Processes Under Pressure

Purpose. It is assumed that analogy learning helps prevent individuals from choking under pressure by limiting the conscious control of movements when performing in high-pressure situations. The aim

Choking under pressure: Illuminating the role of distraction and self-focus

ABSTRACT Two dominant explanations of choking under pressure – self-focus and distraction – have been enduringly presented as competing mechanisms of motor skill failure under performance stress.

Exploring the attentional processes of expert performers and the impact of priming on motor skill execution

It is widely acknowledged that under situations of heightened pressure, many expert athletes suffer from performance decrements. This phenomenon has been termed ‘choking under pressure’ and has been

Conscious processing of a complex motor skill : an investigation into the automaticity paradigm of full golf swing execution

This thesis examines factors that influence the propensity to, and the utility of, conscious processing during a complex motor skill. Prevalent theories of skill acquisition and automaticity view



The Effects of Anxiety on Motor Performance: A Test of the Conscious Processing Hypothesis

The aim of this study was to examine the conscious processing hypothesis as an explanation of the anxiety/performance relationship. The study was designed to identify conscious processing performance

State anxiety and motor performance: Testing the conscious processing hypothesis

For task performance, evidence was found that partially supported the conscious processing hypothesis, while the results of the kinematic analysis of the putting stroke were equivocal, and analysis of self-reported effort scores provided partial support for processing efficiency theory.

Thinking about Choking? Attentional Processes and Paradoxical Performance

Results show that pressure caused choking when participants were not distracted and had not been adapted to self awareness and this effect was attenuated when cognitive load was increased or when self-awareness adaptation had occurred.

Attentional Focus, Dispositional Reinvestment, and Skilled Motor Performance under Pressure

Attentional processes governing skilled motor behavior were examined in two studies. In Experiment 1, fi eld hockey players performed a dribbling task under single-task, dual-task, and skill-focused

Choking under pressure: self-consciousness and paradoxical effects of incentives on skillful performance.

  • R. Baumeister
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1984
A model for choking on coordination and skill tasks is proposed, holding that the pressure increases the conscious attention to the performer's own process of performance and that this increased conscious attention disrupts the automatic or overlearned nature of the execution.

Knowledge and conscious control of motor actions under stress.

An experiment which re-examines Masters' (1992) conclusions by replicating and extending his method and revealed that both the implicit learning groups continued to improve their performance under stress whilst the explicit learning group did not.

On the fragility of skilled performance: what governs choking under pressure?

Findings support explicit monitoring theories of choking and the popular but infrequently tested belief that attending to proceduralized skills hurts performance.

Test anxiety and direction of attention.

  • J. Wine
  • Psychology
    Psychological bulletin
  • 1971
The literature reviewed suggests an attentional interpretation, of the adverse effects which test anxiety has on task performance, that highly anxious persons are generally more self-preoccupied than are people low in anxiety.

Self-Focused Attention and Performance Failure under Psychological Stress.

It was concluded that self-focused attention may increase in response to psychological stress, and that the negative effect of self- focused attention on performance under stress is likely to be magnified by learning the skill under a high degree ofSelf-focus, which can result in an overawareness of the performance process.

Effects of different types of goals on processes that support performance.

Empirical studies attesting to the effectiveness of goal setting in sport have been plagued by equivocation. Inconsistencies may relate to task/goal complexity and the types of goals that