Choices in the 1990s for the management of pediatric cerebral arteriovenous malformations.

@article{Humphreys1996ChoicesIT,
  title={Choices in the 1990s for the management of pediatric cerebral arteriovenous malformations.},
  author={Robin P. Humphreys and Harold J. Hoffman and James M. Drake and James T. Rutka},
  journal={Pediatric neurosurgery},
  year={1996},
  volume={25 6},
  pages={
          277-85
        }
}
A retrospective 45-year analysis of the management of 160 children with intracranial arteriovenous malformations at The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, reveals substantially improving outcomes which relate to more efficient diagnoses and treatments. 80% of children will declare their malformation by means of spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage. For those children who present with hemorrhage or epilepsy, 80% will require an operation. The overall mortality rate has declined to 12% since… CONTINUE READING
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