Choices for achieving adequate dietary calcium with a vegetarian diet.

@article{Weaver1999ChoicesFA,
  title={Choices for achieving adequate dietary calcium with a vegetarian diet.},
  author={Connie M. Weaver and William R. Proulx and Robert Proulx Heaney},
  journal={The American journal of clinical nutrition},
  year={1999},
  volume={70 3 Suppl},
  pages={
          543S-548S
        }
}
To achieve adequate dietary calcium intake, several choices are available that accommodate a variety of lifestyles and tastes. Liberal consumption of dairy products in the diet is the approach of most Americans. Some plants provide absorbable calcium, but the quantity of vegetables required to reach sufficient calcium intake make an exclusively plant-based diet impractical for most individuals unless fortified foods or supplements are included. Also, dietary constituents that decrease calcium… 

Tables from this paper

Ensuring Adequate Calcium intake on a Plant-Based Diet

Patients on a plant-based diet consume no dairy products and so must get their calcium from plant foods. Fortunately, a number of plant foods can supply the calcium needed. However, care needs to be

Nutrition concerns and health effects of vegetarian diets.

  • W. Craig
  • Medicine
    Nutrition in clinical practice : official publication of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
  • 2010
A vegetarian diet usually provides a low intake of saturated fat and cholesterol and a high intake of dietary fiber and many health-promoting phytochemicals, and typically has lower body mass index, serum total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, and blood pressure.

The Importance of Meeting Calcium Needs with Foods

The American public needs to understand why consuming foods containing calcium is the best way to meet calcium needs and learn how to accomplish this objective.

The consumer cost of calcium from food and supplements.

Nutrition Benefits and Considerations for Whole Foods Plant-Based Eating Patterns

  • M. Esquivel
  • Medicine
    American journal of lifestyle medicine
  • 2022
The health benefits of these food substances and approaches for overcoming nutrients of concern when following whole food plant-based eating patterns are presented.

Food Sources, Supplements, and Bioavailability

Since the agricultural revolution, the main food source of calcium in the diet of most populations is dairy products and requirements can be met through consumption of dairy products; through fortified foods; or through supplements.

Should dairy be recommended as part of a healthy vegetarian diet? Point.

  • C. Weaver
  • Medicine
    The American journal of clinical nutrition
  • 2009
Overall, evidence suggests that being a lactovegetarian has greater health benefits and reduced health risks than being a vegan.

Vegetarian Diet: Why Is It Beneficial?

The evidence available suggests that through carefully planning their diets and eating fortified food or supplement regularly, vegeterians can certainly be able to meet their nutrition needs.

Position of the academy of nutrition and dietetics: vegetarian diets.

...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 46 REFERENCES

Dietary calcium: adequacy of a vegetarian diet.

Estimates of the absorbable calcium content of several plant foods are provided and lactovegetarians are able to meet recommended calcium intakes and do not have compromised bone mineral densities.

Vegetarian diet.

  • R. Baschetti
  • Medicine
    QJM : monthly journal of the Association of Physicians
  • 2000

Use of vitamin and mineral supplements in the United States.

Estimates from the NCHS survey of the percent of adults and young children 2 to 6 years of age residing in the United States who used nonprescription vitamin and mineral supplement products in 1986 are presented to develop nutrition status monitoring systems that would have the ability to detect nutritional problems in special population groups as well as to obtain data for decisions about national nutrition policies.

Sodium chloride supplementation and urinary calcium excretion in postmenopausal women.

Considering a total body mass of 900 g Ca and no decrease in renal or fecal losses, additions of 51 and 102 mmol/d NaCl to the diet for 10 y would mobilize Ca stores of 7.5% and 10%, respectively, and could thus constitute a risk factor for osteoporosis.

Calcium utilization: effect of varying level and source of dietary protein.

  • M. Zemel
  • Medicine, Biology
    The American journal of clinical nutrition
  • 1988
A soy-based diet was able to maintain calcium balance at a calcium intake of 457 mg/day in spite of a protein intake of 90 g, presumably due to the lower level of sulfur amino acids in the soy diet and to the 1450 mg phosphorus which accompanied the soy protein.

The effect of dietary sodium on urinary calcium and potassium excretion in normotensive men with different calcium intakes.

Calcium supplementation was found to have no effect on blood pressure, but mean systolic and diastolic levels in the high calcium group were lower, suggesting that calcium may well play a role in the regulation of blood pressure.

Calcium Bioavailability from High Oxalate Vegetables: Chinese Vegetables, Sweet Potatoes and Rhubarb

Absorption of calcium from high calcium vegetables endogenously labeled with 45 Ca was studied in premenopausal women using a randomized cross over design. Chinese (C.) vegetables are a major source

Optimal calcium intake.

While the report, in general, is exceptionally well put together, appropriately nuanced, and well documented, there is one paragraph in section 4 (on the best ways to obtain optimal calcium intake) that contains some possibly misleading information.

THE VEGETARIAN DIET

Hindhede demonstrated clearly in his lecture given at the Third Race Betterment Conference held at Battle Creek, Mich., in January, that optimal nutrition of human beings can be secured on such a simple regimen as potatoes and vegetable margarine even if continued for several years.