Chocolate cravings in American and Spanish individuals: Biological and cultural influences

@article{Osman2006ChocolateCI,
  title={Chocolate cravings in American and Spanish individuals: Biological and cultural influences},
  author={Jamie L. Osman and Jeffery Sobal},
  journal={Appetite},
  year={2006},
  volume={47},
  pages={290-301}
}
This study investigated relationships of culture and physiology with chocolate cravings. Gender differences in chocolate cravings in Spaniards and Americans were examined using parallel Spanish- and English-version questionnaires administered to 259 undergraduate students at one university in Spain and 306 at one university in the US. Responses were examined separately for men and women in American and Spanish samples using multivariate analyses to control for variables like chocolate… Expand
Does culture create craving? Evidence from the case of menstrual chocolate craving
TLDR
The novel hypothesis that greater menstrual craving prevalence in the U.S. is the product of internalized cultural norms is tested and inform the understanding of food cravings, with important implications for the study of cravings in other domains. Expand
Rice, beer, and salad: Varying constructions of “craving” in Japan
TLDR
There is a need for conceptual rethinking of craving itself and of the range of factors that drive it within a mixed age and gender Japanese sample, and the results show widespread experiences of craving. Expand
Chocolate craving and disordered eating. Beyond the gender divide?
TLDR
Data suggest that the relationship between chocolate craving and disordered eating behaviors in men is the opposite of what has previously been observed in women: compared to non-cravers, male chocolate cravers reported significantly more guilt related to craving, but were significantly less likely to diet and reported lower levels of dietary restraint. Expand
9. Perimenstrual chocolate craving: from pharmacology and physiology to cognition and culture
Chocolate craving is a common phenomenon, but only in some cultures. Americans are much more likely to report chocolate craving than individuals in other cultures that have been surveyed.Expand
Towards a Socio-Cultural Model of Food Cravings: Evidence from the Case of Perimenstrual Chocolate Craving
Food cravings are a common, yet poorly understood phenomenon. Past attempts to explain them with a focus purely on physiological mechanisms have been unsuccessful. Four studies examine the hypothesisExpand
Food cravings among Brazilian population
TLDR
The current findings indicate that the FCI-Br has adequate psychometric properties to measure craving behavior with respect to specific food groups in the resident population of Brazil. Expand
A multidimensional ambivalence model of chocolate craving: construct validity and associations with chocolate consumption and disordered eating.
TLDR
Results supported a three-factor model of chocolate craving incorporating approach and avoidance inclinations and feelings of guilt, which can be conceptualized as a net action disposition resulting from the relative strength of the competing processes underlying indulgence and restraint. Expand
All cravings are not created equal. Correlates of menstrual versus non-cyclic chocolate craving
TLDR
Findings point to potential mechanisms involved in the etiology of menstrual cravings, such as the view of craving as a response to abstinence from high-calorie foods in an attempt to manage cyclically occurring weight fluctuations. Expand
Culture-specific influences on body image and eating distress in a sample of urban Bulgarian women: the roles of faith and traditional fasting.
TLDR
Examining the influence of local culture on body image and eating distress in a sample of urban Bulgarian women revealed that women could be divided into two groups who behaved differently based on the severity of their eating disorder symptomatology. Expand
Evaluation of the French version of the Orientation Towards Chocolate Questionnaire: chocolate-related guilt and ambivalence are associated with overweight and disordered eating.
TLDR
Results confirm the validity and reliability of the French version of the OCQ and highlight strong associations between chocolate craving dimensions and disordered eating patterns. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 30 REFERENCES
Chocolate craving and the menstrual cycle
TLDR
The results suggest a cultural origin rather than a physiological basis for chocolate craving, which is differing cross-culturally but not across gender. Expand
Food Liking and Craving: A Cross-cultural Approach
TLDR
Spanish and American participants rated how much they liked three common sweets and three common beverages listed on a questionnaire and named the food or drink for which they had the strongest craving, arguing for a possible physiological basis for the gender differences in sweet/savory craving but against a physiological based for chocolate craving. Expand
Chocolate craving and liking
TLDR
Based on correlational data, there is little evidence for a relation between addiction to chocolate or the pharmacological effects of chocolate and the liking for chocolate. Expand
Food cravings in a college population
TLDR
The data provided a detailed description of perceptions regarding food cravings among college-age adults, but also underscored some of the limitations of self-report measures of food craving. Expand
The development of the attitudes to chocolate questionnaire
Abstract Two hundred and twenty-six females and 104 young adult males indicated the extent to which 80 comments concerning chocolate applied to them. Factor analysis indicated that three factorsExpand
Patterns of chocolate consumption.
TLDR
Chocolate was consumed by more people in the winter than in other seasons and more was consumed at snacks than at meals. Expand
The experience of food craving: a prospective investigation in healthy women.
TLDR
The food cravings reported by these women were hunger-reducing, mood-improving experiences, directed at wanting to consume highly pleasant tasting food, and should serve as a template for other subject groups and other forms of craving may be explored. Expand
Food cravings in relation to body mass index, restraint and estradiol levels: A repeated measures study in healthy women
TLDR
The study considered the nature and extent of cravings in 108 healthy women between the ages of 20 and 37 who were tested at four time points over a 2-year period, suggesting that women have a stable core of foods for which they experience cravings, relatively independent of estradiol levels, BMI or degree of dietary restraint. Expand
Chocolate: food or drug?
TLDR
A review of the literature on Chocolate cravings indicates that the hedonic appeal of chocolate (fat, sugar, texture, and aroma) is likely to be a predominant factor in such cravings, and a combination of chocolate's sensory characteristics, nutrient composition, and psychoactive ingredients, compounded with monthly hormonal fluctuations and mood swings among women, will ultimately form the model of chocolate cravings. Expand
Cultural Comparison Research Designs in Food, Eating, and Nutrition
Abstract Culture plays a central role in shaping food, eating, and nutrition. Research that makes cultural comparisons extends our understanding of cultural generality and uniqueness. Several typesExpand
...
1
2
3
...