Chocolate craving and liking

@article{Rozin1991ChocolateCA,
  title={Chocolate craving and liking},
  author={Paul Rozin and Eleanor M. Levine and Caryn Stoess},
  journal={Appetite},
  year={1991},
  volume={17},
  pages={199-212}
}
Food Craving and Its Relationship with Restriction and Liking in Japanese Females
TLDR
Japanese female undergraduate students completed a questionnaire measuring their craving for, degree of liking, and frequency of restricting their eating of 47 widely consumed foods, and the food with the highest mean craving score was rice.
Food Liking and Craving: A Cross-cultural Approach
TLDR
Spanish and American participants rated how much they liked three common sweets and three common beverages listed on a questionnaire and named the food or drink for which they had the strongest craving, arguing for a possible physiological basis for the gender differences in sweet/savory craving but against a physiological based for chocolate craving.
9. Perimenstrual chocolate craving: from pharmacology and physiology to cognition and culture
Chocolate craving is a common phenomenon, but only in some cultures. Americans are much more likely to report chocolate craving than individuals in other cultures that have been surveyed.
Food cravings in a college population
The experience of food craving: a prospective investigation in healthy women.
All cravings are not created equal. Correlates of menstrual versus non-cyclic chocolate craving
TLDR
Findings point to potential mechanisms involved in the etiology of menstrual cravings, such as the view of craving as a response to abstinence from high-calorie foods in an attempt to manage cyclically occurring weight fluctuations.
Chocolate: food or drug?
"Chocolate Addiction": a Preliminary Study of its Description and its Relationship to Problem Eating
TLDR
Cravings and amount consumed were not significantly related but amount consumed was significantly correlated with disinhibition (r = 0.3), and consumers who preferred to eat in secret reported a higher degree of aberrant eating.
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Food craving was found to be only weakly related to dietary restraint, but highly and significantly correlated with external eating, emotional eating and susceptibility to hunger, and dysphoric mood was prominent prior to the cravings themselves.
Sweets, Chocolate, and Atypical Depressive Traits
TLDR
Those who reported “self-medicating” with sweets or chocolate were more likely to have personality traits associated with hysteroid dysphoria, an atypical depressive syndrome and the tendency to eat compulsively, in general, and appetite for sweets and chocolate were significantly greater among women.
Food cravings, mood, and the menstrual cycle
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University of PennsylvaniaAlthough it seems likely that family experience should be a major factor in theacquisition of food preferences and attitudes to foods, prior research has not
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It would be useful to seek a common physiological basis for food cravings, depression, and fluid retention in women, according to a group of 300 nurses canvassed by questionnaire concerningfood cravings and menstrual periods.
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It is suggested that advances in the understanding of food cravings must address the problem of the definition and measurement of the craving state and proceed with recognition of the inadequacies of the ubiquitous assumption that cravings serve to identify and redress bodily needs.
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The methylxanthine content of chocolate foods has received only slight attention in the literature, and in children and teenagers, the major dietary source of caffeine was found to be tea, followed by soft drinks and coffee, respectively.
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