Chloroplast gene organization deduced from complete sequence of liverwort Marchantia polymorpha chloroplast DNA

@article{Ohyama1986ChloroplastGO,
  title={Chloroplast gene organization deduced from complete sequence of liverwort Marchantia polymorpha chloroplast DNA},
  author={Kanji Ohyama and Hideya Fukuzawa and Takayuki Kohchi and Hiromasa Shirai and Tohru Sano and Satoshi Sano and Kazuhiko Umesono and Yasuhiko Shiki and Masayuki Takeuchi and Zhen Chang and Shin-ichi Aota and Hachiro Inokuchi and Haruo Ozeki},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1986},
  volume={322},
  pages={572-574}
}
Chloroplasts contain their own autonomously replicating DNA genome. The majority of proteins present in the chloroplasts are encoded by nuclear DNA, but the rest are encoded by chloroplast DNA and synthesized by the chloroplast transcription–translation machinery1–4. Although the nucleotide sequences of many chloroplast genes from various plant species have been determined, the entire gene organization of the chloroplast genome has not yet been elucidated for any species of plants. To improve… Expand
Structure and organization of Marchantia polymorpha chloroplast genome. I. Cloning and gene identification.
TLDR
The complete nucleotide sequence of chloroplast DNA from a liverwort, Marchantia polymorpha, is determined, using a clone bank of chlorOPlast DNA fragments, and the universal genetic code was confirmed by the substitution pattern of simultaneous codons, and by possible codon recognition of thechloroplast-encoded tRNA molecules, assuming no importation of t RNA molecules from the cytoplasm. Expand
Complete structure of the chloroplast genome of a legume, Lotus japonicus.
TLDR
The nucleotide sequence of the entire chloroplast genome of a legume, Lotus japonicus, has been determined and all the predicted genes were conserved among dicot plants except that rpl22, a gene encoding chloroplasts ribosomal protein CL22, was missing in L.Japonicus. Expand
Gene content, organization and molecular evolution of plant organellar genomes and sex chromosomes — Insights from the case of the liverwort Marchantia polymorpha
TLDR
The findings indicate that the Y and X chromosomes share the same ancestral autosome and support the prediction that in a haploid organism essential genes on sex chromosomes are more likely to persist than in a diploid organism. Expand
Gene organization and newly identified groups of genes of the chloroplast genome from a liverwort, Marchantia polymorpha
TLDR
The complete nucleotide sequence of chloroplast DNA from a liverwort, Marchantia polymorpha has made clear the entire gene organization of the chloropleft genome, indicating their active functions in chloroplasts. Expand
Gene organization deduced from the complete sequence of liverwort Marchantia polymorpha mitochondrial DNA. A primitive form of plant mitochondrial genome.
TLDR
The complete sequence of the liverwort mitochondrial DNA was determined and 94 possible genes in the sequence of 186,608 base-pairs were detected, including genes for three species of ribosomal RNA, 29 genes for 27 species of transfer RNA and 30 open reading frames for functionally known proteins. Expand
Characterization of the complete chloroplast genome of Hevea brasiliensis reveals genome rearrangement, RNA editing sites and phylogenetic relationships.
TLDR
Phylogenetic analysis based on chloroplast genes demonstrated a close relationship between Hevea and Manihot in Euphorbiaceae and provided a strong support for a monophyletic group of the eurosid I. Expand
Characterization of the complete chloroplast genome of Hevea brasiliensis reveals genome rearrangement, RNA editing sites and phylogenetic relationships
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The complete chloroplast genome sequence of rubber tree is reported as being 161,191 bp in length including a pair of inverted repeats of 26,810 bp separated by a small single copy region of 18,362 bp and a large single copy regions of 89,209 bp. Expand
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TLDR
The complete nucleotide sequence of the mt (mitochondrial) and cp (chloroplast) genomes of the unicellular green alga Ostreococcus tauri has been determined and the position of O. tauri within the Prasinophyceae, an early branch of the Chlorophyta is confirmed. Expand
The chloroplast genome of the “basal” angiosperm Calycanthus fertilis – structural and phylogenetic analyses
TLDR
Phylogenetic analysis of the protein-coding subset of the plastome suggests that the ancient line of Laurales emerged after the split of the angiosperms into monocots and dicots. Expand
Complete structure of the chloroplast genome of Arabidopsis thaliana.
TLDR
The translated amino acid sequences from respective potential protein-coding genes showed 63.9% to 100% sequence similarity to those of the corresponding genes in the chloroplast genome of Nicotiana tabacum, indicating the occurrence of significant diversity in thechloroplast genes between two dicot plants. Expand
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