Using cultured cells of the hornwortAnthoceros punctatus, the change in the relative chloroplast DNA content in each stage of chloroplast division was investigated to clarify the relationship between the division cycle of a chloroplast and a cell nucleus. Samples of cultured cells were stained with 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) and then observed with an epifluorescence microscope and a chromosome image analyzing system (CHIAS). A chloropiast in cultured cells duplicated DNA with an increase in size. When a chloroplast began to divide, it was constricted in the middle, taking a dumbbell shape, and then divided into two daughter chloroplasts. In cultured cells of this species, the pattern of quantitative change of chloroplast DNA, that is, the DNA replication pattern of chloroplasts, corresponded to that of cell nuclear DNA in mitosis.