Chlorambucil therapy in rheumatoid arthritis: clinical experience in 28 patients and literature review.

Abstract

Our clinical experience in 28 patients receiving chlorambucil for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the reports on chlorambucil therapy are reviewed. Our study population and other reports generally represent patients with severe RA who had either failed to improve or developed significant toxicity during previous treatment with conventional slow acting anti-rheumatic drugs (SAARDs). Seventy-two percent of patients had a significant clinical improvement during chlorambucil therapy and reports of complete remission are given, although the incidence of remission is unknown. Hematologic complications are often reported, but appeared more frequently in our experience than previously reported. Hematologic toxicity required that chlorambucil be discontinued in the majority of our cases. Two deaths from suspected drug induced malignancies are reported. Although chlorambucil appears to be effective in the control of active RA, the potential for drug induced toxicity and malignancies may outweigh the benefit of continued use of this experimental therapy in RA.

Cite this paper

@article{Cannon1985ChlorambucilTI, title={Chlorambucil therapy in rheumatoid arthritis: clinical experience in 28 patients and literature review.}, author={Grant Cannon and Christopher Jackson and Cecil O. Samuelson and Jonathan R. Ward and Hywel Williams and Daniel O. Clegg}, journal={Seminars in arthritis and rheumatism}, year={1985}, volume={15 2}, pages={106-18} }