High-yield production of a chitinase from Aeromonas veronii B565 as a potential feed supplement for warm-water aquaculture
Chitosans and chitooligosaccharides stimulated Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., head kidney leukocytes in vitro to produce elevated levels of superoxide anion. Both soluble and insoluble chitooligosaccharides were stimulatory 2 and 7 days after addition. Protein-chitooligosaccharide conjugates were also stimulatory in vitro both at 2 and 7 days after addition. Deacetylation seemed to be of little importance for the stimulatory capacity. High concentrations of the 80% deacetylated chitosan/chitooligosaccharides were toxic to the leukocytes as judged by reduced reduction of nitroblue tetrazolium and morphology.