Chiropractic: a critical evaluation.

@article{Ernst2008ChiropracticAC,
  title={Chiropractic: a critical evaluation.},
  author={Edzard Ernst},
  journal={Journal of pain and symptom management},
  year={2008},
  volume={35 5},
  pages={
          544-62
        }
}
  • E. Ernst
  • Published 1 May 2008
  • Medicine
  • Journal of pain and symptom management
A Critical Review of Chiropractic Practice
Chiropractic practice, begun in the late 1800s when D. D. Palmer established the first school of chiropractic medicine, is a fusion of osteopathic treatment and so-called magnetic healing (the notion
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Chiropractic Treatment for Asthma?
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    The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
  • 2009
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The attitude of chiropractors and chiropractic organizations represents a serious risk to patients with asthma, and it is necessary to urgently consider addressing this situation.
The prevalence of the term subluxation in chiropractic degree program curricula throughout the world
TLDR
Unless these outdated concepts are rejected, the chiropractic profession and individual chiropractors will likely continue to face difficulties integrating with established health care systems and attaining cultural authority as experts in conservative neuro-musculoskeletal health care.
Chiropractic manipulation, with a deliberate “double entendre”
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  • Medicine
    Archives of Disease in Childhood
  • 2009
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It is found that 95% of all diseases are caused by displaced vertebrae, the remainder by luxation of other joints, so it is understandable that chiropractors would treat children and adolescents for a range of conditions.
Chiropractic, one big unhappy family: better together or apart?
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It is argued here that the situation within the chiropractic profession corresponds very much to that of an unhappy couple that stays together for reasons that are unconnected with love or even mutual respect, and that the profession could be conceptualised as existing on a spectrum with the ‘evidence-friendly’ and the ’traditional’ groups inhabiting the end points, with the majority of chiropractors in the middle.
Words matter: the prevalence of chiropractic-specific terminology on Australian chiropractors’ websites
  • K. Young
  • Medicine
    Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
  • 2020
TLDR
A majority of the Australian chiropractors sampled used one or more chiropractic-specific terms on their websites, and the term adjust (−ing/−ment) occurred most frequently, being found on 283 websites with a total of 2249 occurrences.
Molecular foundations of chiropractic therapy
TLDR
A set of genes and some functional polymorphisms that could be correlated with better response to chiropractic therapy are identified and further association studies will be necessary to confirm hypotheses of a correlation between single nucleotide polymorphisms in specific genes and better Response to chiropractor therapy.
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References

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TLDR
Despite opposition to use of spinal manipulation as a method of treating a broad scope of health problems (as opposed to the generally accepted use of manipulation in the treatment of back pain), chiropractors seek support as primary care providers in alternative medicine.
The evolution and importance of spinal and chiropractic research.
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Chiropractic in The Netherlands: a survey of Dutch chiropractors.
TLDR
The number of chiropractors is growing rapidly, and they have an exceptional position in the Dutch health care system, and access to X-ray and more specialized diagnostics are presently the most important political issues.
Chiropractic: origins, controversies, and contributions.
TLDR
This overview of chiropractic examines its history, theory, and development; its scientific evidence; and its approach to the art of medicine to reveal a complex dynamic of conflict and diversity.
History and overview of theories and methods of chiropractic: a counterpoint.
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  • Medicine
    Clinical orthopaedics and related research
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TLDR
It is shown that chiropractic care compared with medical care is safer, costs no more and often costs much less, and has consistently greater patient satisfaction for treatment of similar conditions.
A Review of the Literature Regarding Stroke and Chiropractic
TLDR
The idea that chiro- practic cervical spine adjustments cause CVA's has little support in the literature to validate it and cervical adjustments are extremely safe, in fact much safer than all medical procedures explored in this paper and safer than many activities of daily living.
Chiropractic: A Profession at the Crossroads of Mainstream and Alternative Medicine
TLDR
Its steadily increasing acceptance and use by the public and payers indicate that chiropractic is no longer the marginal or deviant profession it was once considered to be, and the acceptance and even the future role of chiropractor in the overall health care system remain controversial.
Canadian chiropractors’ attitudes towards chiropractic philosophy and scope of practice: implications for the implementation of clinical practice guidelines.
TLDR
It is concluded that given the divergence of opinions among Canadian chiropractors, one implementation strategy would not be effective and whether CPGs are the most efficacious method of changing clinical behaviour is questioned.
Are chiropractic tests for the lumbo-pelvic spine reliable and valid? A systematic critical literature review.
TLDR
The detection of the manipulative lesion in the lumbo-pelvic spine depends on valid and reliable tests, and because such tests have not been established, the presence of the manipulation lesion remains hypothetical.
Chiropractic in Sweden: a short description of patients and treatment.
BACKGROUND Most information on chiropractors and chiropractic emanates from North America. With an increasing number of chiropractors in Europe, it is important to produce relevant documentation
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