- Published 2013 in Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and…

The chiralities of spiral waves usually refer to their rotation directions (the turning orientations of the spiral temporal movements as time elapses) and their curl directions (the winding orientations of the spiral spatial geometrical structures themselves). Traditionally, they are the same as each other. Namely, they are both clockwise or both counterclockwise. Moreover, the chiralities are determined by the topological charges of spiral waves, and thus they are conserved quantities. After the inwardly propagating spirals were experimentally observed, the relationship between the chiralities and the one between the chiralities and the topological charges are no longer preserved. The chiralities thus become more complex than ever before. As a result, there is now a desire to further study them. In this paper, the chiralities and their transition properties for all kinds of spiral waves are systemically studied in the framework of the complex Ginzburg-Landau equation, and the general relationships both between the chiralities and between the chiralities and the topological charges are obtained. The investigation of some other models, such as the FitzHugh-Nagumo model, the nonuniform Oregonator model, the modified standard model, etc., is also discussed for comparison.

@article{Pan2013ChiralitiesOS,
title={Chiralities of spiral waves and their transitions.},
author={Jun-ting Pan and Mei-Chun Cai and Bing-wei Li and Hong Zhang},
journal={Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics},
year={2013},
volume={87 6},
pages={062907}
}