Chiral prethermalization in supersonically split condensates.

@article{Agarwal2014ChiralPI,
  title={Chiral prethermalization in supersonically split condensates.},
  author={Kartiek Agarwal and Emanuele G. Dalla Torre and Bernhard Rauer and Tim Langen and J{\"o}rg Schmiedmayer and Eugene A. Demler},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  year={2014},
  volume={113 19},
  pages={
          190401
        }
}
We study the dynamics of phase relaxation between a pair of one-dimensional condensates created by a supersonic unzipping of a single condensate. We use the Lorentz invariance of the low energy sector of such systems to show that dephasing results in an unusual prethermal state, in which right- and left-moving excitations have different, Doppler-shifted temperatures. The chirality of these modes can be probed experimentally by measuring the interference fringe contrasts with the release point… 

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疟原虫var基因转换速率变化导致抗原变异[英]/Paul H, Robert P, Christodoulou Z, et al//Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
抗原变异可使得多种致病微生物易于逃避宿主免疫应答。表达在感染红细胞表面的恶性疟原虫红细胞表面蛋白1(PfPMP1)与感染红细胞、内皮细胞、树突状细胞以及胎盘的单个或多个受体作用,在黏附及免疫逃避中起关键的作用。每个单倍体基因组var基因家族编码约60种成员,通过启动转录不同的var基因变异体为抗原变异提供了分子基础。
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تناك ،ةملوعلل ةبحاصملا ةيفرعملا ةيجولونكتلا ةروثلا اهتزرفأ يتلا تلاوحتلا لعفب :صخلم بطق لـ ِّ ثـمـتُ اـهـنأ راـبـتـعا ىـلـع ،اـهـتارـيـثأـتـل تـضرّـعـت يـتـلا ةـيـعاـمـتـجلاا رـصاـنـعـلا زرـــبأ نــم
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