Chipped Stone Crescents and the Antiquity of Maritime Settlement on San Nicolas Island, Alta California

@article{Davis2010ChippedSC,
  title={Chipped Stone Crescents and the Antiquity of Maritime Settlement on San Nicolas Island, Alta California},
  author={Troy W. Davis and Jon M. Erlandson and Gerrit L. Fenenga and Keith A. Hamm},
  journal={California Archaeology},
  year={2010},
  volume={2},
  pages={185 - 202}
}
Abstract Radiocarbon dates from archaeological sites on San Nicolas Island place the earliest human occupation at around 6000 cal BP The presence of chipped stone crescents, however, suggests that the island was first occupied during the early Holocene or terminal Pleistocene. In this article, we describe 18 crescents reportedly found on San Nicolas and discuss their significance as indicators of Paleo-Coastal occupation. These data suggest that in evaluating the antiquity and intensity of… Expand
Portable Religious Stone Features from a Ceremonial Complex on San Nicolas Island, California
Two caches of balancing rock features were recently uncovered during archaeological excavations at the Tule Creek site (CA-SNI-25) on San Nicolas Island, California. The features consist of groups ofExpand
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Abstract Analysis of temporal and spatial patterns in settlement between San Clemente and San Nicolas islands suggest that the trajectory of human adaptations differed significantly. On San Clemente,Expand
The Sudden Flats Site: A Pleistocene/Holocene Transition Shell Midden on Alta California's Central Coast
Abstract Excavations at the Sudden Flats site on the coast of Vandenberg Air Force Base (AFB) revealed a dense, single-component shell midden dating around 10,725 calibrated years before present.Expand
Early Archaeology on the Western Edge of Alta California: Malcolm Rogers' San Nicolas Island Collections
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Quantifying the association of chipped stone crescents with wetlands and paleoshorelines of western North America
In America’s Far West, chipped stone crescents dating between approximately 12,000 to 8000 cal BP are often found associated with Western Stemmed Tradition points. Crescent function is debated, butExpand
Rhizoliths identified as prehistoric filing tools for fishhook production on San Nicolas Island, California
TLDR
This study used scanning electron microscopy and chemical spectroscopy to identify a white residue present on cylindrical rhizoliths from a component at an archaeological site on San Nicolas Island, California, and found it to consist of biogenic calcite and aragonite particles, different in composition and morphology from the CaCO3 particles in the rhizolithic material, but identical to marine shell material. Expand
Paleoindian Colonization by Boat? Refining the Coastal Model
ABSTRACT Many archaeologists now generally accept the idea that Paleoindians initially entered the Americas traversing the northwestern coastline possibly in conjunction with an ice-free corridor,Expand
A Technological Assessment of the North Pacific Seafaring Hypothesis: Informed by California Channel Island Research
ABSTRACT The proposal of an initial human coastal migration into the New World during the late Pleistocene has gained considerable support in recent years. However, the methods of such a migrationExpand
In Search of a White Bear: An Eccentric Crescent from Sudden Ranch (CA-SBA-208), Northern Santa Barbara County, California
Over the years, there has been considerable interest among archaeologists in the distribution, function, and chronology of chipped stone crescents in California and the western United States.Expand
Residue analysis links sandstone abraders to shell fishhook production on San Nicolas Island, California
Abstract Excavations at the upper component of the Tule Creek site (CA–SNI–25), dating between approximately 600–350 cal BP, yielded numerous well-preserved sandstone abraders referred to as saws.Expand
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