Chipped Stone Crescents and the Antiquity of Maritime Settlement on San Nicolas Island, Alta California

  title={Chipped Stone Crescents and the Antiquity of Maritime Settlement on San Nicolas Island, Alta California},
  author={Troy W. Davis and Jon M. Erlandson and Gerrit L. Fenenga and Keith A. Hamm},
  journal={California Archaeology},
  pages={185 - 202}
Abstract Radiocarbon dates from archaeological sites on San Nicolas Island place the earliest human occupation at around 6000 cal BP The presence of chipped stone crescents, however, suggests that the island was first occupied during the early Holocene or terminal Pleistocene. In this article, we describe 18 crescents reportedly found on San Nicolas and discuss their significance as indicators of Paleo-Coastal occupation. These data suggest that in evaluating the antiquity and intensity of… 
Portable Religious Stone Features from a Ceremonial Complex on San Nicolas Island, California
Two caches of balancing rock features were recently uncovered during archaeological excavations at the Tule Creek site (CA-SNI-25) on San Nicolas Island, California. The features consist of groups of
Prehistoric Settlement Trends on San Clemente and San Nicolas Islands, Alta California
Abstract Analysis of temporal and spatial patterns in settlement between San Clemente and San Nicolas islands suggest that the trajectory of human adaptations differed significantly. On San Clemente,
The Sudden Flats Site: A Pleistocene/Holocene Transition Shell Midden on Alta California's Central Coast
Abstract Excavations at the Sudden Flats site on the coast of Vandenberg Air Force Base (AFB) revealed a dense, single-component shell midden dating around 10,725 calibrated years before present.
Early Archaeology on the Western Edge of Alta California: Malcolm Rogers' San Nicolas Island Collections
OF THE THESIS Early Archaeology on the Western Edge of Alta California: Malcolm Rogers’ San Nicolas Island Collections by Cassandra E. Krum Master of Arts in Anthropology San Diego State University,
Quantifying the association of chipped stone crescents with wetlands and paleoshorelines of western North America
In America’s Far West, chipped stone crescents dating between approximately 12,000 to 8000 cal BP are often found associated with Western Stemmed Tradition points. Crescent function is debated, but
Rhizoliths identified as prehistoric filing tools for fishhook production on San Nicolas Island, California
This study used scanning electron microscopy and chemical spectroscopy to identify a white residue present on cylindrical rhizoliths from a component at an archaeological site on San Nicolas Island, California, and found it to consist of biogenic calcite and aragonite particles, different in composition and morphology from the CaCO3 particles in the rhizolithic material, but identical to marine shell material.
Paleoindian Colonization by Boat? Refining the Coastal Model
ABSTRACT Many archaeologists now generally accept the idea that Paleoindians initially entered the Americas traversing the northwestern coastline possibly in conjunction with an ice-free corridor,
A Technological Assessment of the North Pacific Seafaring Hypothesis: Informed by California Channel Island Research
ABSTRACT The proposal of an initial human coastal migration into the New World during the late Pleistocene has gained considerable support in recent years. However, the methods of such a migration
In Search of a White Bear: An Eccentric Crescent from Sudden Ranch (CA-SBA-208), Northern Santa Barbara County, California
Over the years, there has been considerable interest among archaeologists in the distribution, function, and chronology of chipped stone crescents in California and the western United States.
Residue analysis links sandstone abraders to shell fishhook production on San Nicolas Island, California
Abstract Excavations at the upper component of the Tule Creek site (CA–SNI–25), dating between approximately 600–350 cal BP, yielded numerous well-preserved sandstone abraders referred to as saws.


Middle Holocene Fishing and Maritime Adaptations at CA-SNI-161, San Nicolas Island, California
Along the southern California coast, the development of intensive fishing has long been considered to be a relatively recent phenomenon. In this article, we present dietary reconstructions from
Beads, Bifaces, and Boats: An Early Maritime Adaptation on the South Coast of San Miguel Island, California
Terminal Pleistocene and Early Holocene sites on California's Channel Islands provide evidence for early maritime activity, including the use of seaworthy boats. Numerous early shell middens have
An Early Maritime Biface Technology at Daisy Cave, San Miguel Island, California: Reflections on Sample Size, Site Function, and Other Issues
In North American archaeology, the study of distinctive biface technologies has been critical to understanding early migrations, adaptations, and interactions—from Clovis and other fluted points, to
A Crescent from the Southern San Joaquin Valley, California
A complete crescent was discovered in the Elk Hills, California (Fig. 1), just north of Buena Vista Lake in the southern San Joaquin Valley. The specimen was found in the berm of a bladed road and
Boats, Bones, and Biface Bias: The Early Holocene Mariners of Eel Point, San Clemente Island, California
By 8000 B.P., sea-mammal hunting and open-sea voyages were established at Eel Point, San Clemente Island, California. The early inhabitants of Eel Point depended heavily on sea-mammal hunting and
Glassow, Perry, and Paige: The Punta Arena Site: Early and Middle Holocene Cultural Development on Santa Cruz Island
Santa Barbara: Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History Contributions in Anthropology 3, 2008, 101 pp., 20 b/w gures, 2 maps, 27 tables, $21.95 (soft cover).
From Pleistocene Mariners to Complex Hunter-Gatherers: The Archaeology of the California Channel Islands
California’s Channel Islands were home to some of the most distinctive Native American peoples along the Pacific Coast. Never connected to the mainland during the Quaternary, the Channel Islands have
The Cross Creek Site (CA-SLO-1797) and Its Implications for New World Colonization
Recent excavations at the Cross Creek site (CA-SLO-1797) on the central coast of California revealed a stratigraphically discrete midden component dating between ca. 8350 and 7700 cal B.C., making it
Early Hunter-Gatherers of the California Coast
California's Coastal HunterGatherers: A Theoretical Perspective. Environmental Setting. Culture History. Research Procedures. Investigations at SBA-1807. Investigations at SBA-2061. Investigations at
Forty Years Later: What Have We Learned about the Earliest Human Occupations of Santa Rosa Island, California?
California's Channel Islands have emerged as an important location for documenting the cultures and lifeways of the earliest peoples who settled the Pacific Coast of North America. Much of this began