Chipped Stone Crescents and the Antiquity of Maritime Settlement on San Nicolas Island, Alta California

@article{Davis2010ChippedSC,
  title={Chipped Stone Crescents and the Antiquity of Maritime Settlement on San Nicolas Island, Alta California},
  author={Troy W. Davis and Jon M. Erlandson and Gerrit L. Fenenga and Keith A. Hamm},
  journal={California Archaeology},
  year={2010},
  volume={2},
  pages={185 - 202}
}
Abstract Radiocarbon dates from archaeological sites on San Nicolas Island place the earliest human occupation at around 6000 cal BP The presence of chipped stone crescents, however, suggests that the island was first occupied during the early Holocene or terminal Pleistocene. In this article, we describe 18 crescents reportedly found on San Nicolas and discuss their significance as indicators of Paleo-Coastal occupation. These data suggest that in evaluating the antiquity and intensity of… 

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This study used scanning electron microscopy and chemical spectroscopy to identify a white residue present on cylindrical rhizoliths from a component at an archaeological site on San Nicolas Island, California, and found it to consist of biogenic calcite and aragonite particles, different in composition and morphology from the CaCO3 particles in the rhizolithic material, but identical to marine shell material.

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