Chinese Values and the Search for Culture-Free Dimensions of Culture

  title={Chinese Values and the Search for Culture-Free Dimensions of Culture},
  author={楊國樞 and Kuo-shu Yang},
  journal={Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology},
  pages={143 - 164}
A survey of Chinese values was constructed and administered to university students in 22 countries around the world. An ecological factor analysis was run on the culture means for the 40 scale items and revealed four dimensions of cultural valuing. In a search for validities, country scores on these four factors were correlated with those derived from a Western survey of work-related values by Hofstede (1980). Three of the factors from the Chinese Value Survey (CVS) correlated at high levels… 
Finding universal dimensions of individual variation in multicultural studies of values: The Rokeach and Chinese value surveys.
Both cross-cultural psychology and theories of value would benefit from the empirical identification of value dimensions that are pancultural and comprehensive. Accordingly, in this article, I report
National Culture and the Values of Organizational Employees
The values of 8,841 managers and organization employees from 43 countries were surveyed. The range of nations included paralleled many of those surveyed by Hofstede (1980) but added also substantial
A European in Asia
How culture-proof are the social sciences? Travelling in another continent, one meets culture's influences not only in the objects of social science research, but at least as much in the minds of the
The Rotter Locus of Control Scale in 43 Countries : A Test of Cultural Relativity
A databank of 9140 responses to the Rotter (1966) locus of control scale was analyzed, using multidimensional scaling techniques. Respondents were employees in business organizations in 43 countries.
Culture-Level Dimensions of Social Axioms and Their Correlates across 41 Cultures
Leung and colleagues have revealed a five-dimensional structure of social axioms across individuals from five cultural groups. The present research was designed to reveal the culture level factor
Measuring Hofstede's Five Dimensions of Cultural Values at the Individual Level: Development and Validation of CVSCALE
ABSTRACT Hofstede's (1980 and 2001) renowned five-dimensional measure of cultural values is the overwhelmingly dominant metric of culture. His measure has been used as a contextual variable, but it
Hofstede’s Fifth Dimension
Based on research with Bond’s Chinese Values Survey (CVS) across 23 countries, Hofstede added a fifth dimension, Long- versus Short-Term Orientation (LTO), to his earlier four IBM-based dimensions of
A study of cultural changes in hofstede ’ s long-term orientation in multiple countries
Researchers in the field of international marketing consider that the cultural dimensions of Geert Hofstede2 constitute a very relevant model of cultural differences between nations.3−5 Cultural


Hofstede's Culture Dimensions
Ng et al. (1982) collected data among students in nine Asian and Pacific countries using a modified version of the Rokeach Value Survey. Their data were reanalyzed by the present authors through an
How Does Cultural Collectivism Operate?
How is the collectivism of a culture related to the allocation of reward for task and maintenance inputs toward a group goal? To examine this question, students from the United States and Hong Kong
Linking person perception to behavioural intention across cultures: The role of cultural collectivis
This research addressed two questions: (1) What are the potentially universal links between the dimensions of person perception and those of behavior intention, and (2) what dimensions of person
A Cross-Cultural Test of Uncertainty Reduction Theory; Comparisons of Acquaintances, Friends, and Dating Relationships in Japan, Korea, and the United States.
A model of uncertainty reduction theory was tested that was derived from Berger and Calabrese's (1975) theory of initial interactions and recent extensions of the theory (e.g., Berger, 1979; Berger &
The Scree Test For The Number Of Factors.
  • R. Cattell
  • Mathematics, Psychology
    Multivariate behavioral research
  • 1966