Chinese Immigrants in the U.S. Labor Market: Effects of Post-Tiananmen Immigration Policy 1

  title={Chinese Immigrants in the U.S. Labor Market: Effects of Post-Tiananmen Immigration Policy 1},
  author={Pia M. Orrenius and Madeline Zavodny and Emily Kerr},
  journal={International Migration Review},
  pages={456 - 482}
The Tiananmen Square protests in 1989 and ensuing government crackdown affected Chinese nationals not only at home but also around the world. The U.S. government responded to the events in China by enacting multiple measures to protect Chinese nationals present in the United States. It first suspended all forced departures among Chinese nationals present in the country as of June 1989 and later gave them authorization to work legally. The Chinese Student Protection Act, passed in October 1992… 
The Violence of Asylum: The Case of Undocumented Chinese Migration to the United States
A sizable portion of the undocumented population in the US is Chinese but they are an understudied group. We analyze secondary literature and policies to understand undocumented Chinese immigration
The Evolution of Chinese Students' Motivations to Study Abroad in the U.S.
Through interviews conducted in Nanjing, China during Fall 2014, this thesis sought to examine Chinese students’ motivations to study abroad in the U.S. and how those motivations have changed over
The Labor Market Value to Legal Status
We present estimates of the effect of legal immigration status on earnings of undocumented workers. Our contribution to the literature centers on a two-step procedure that allows us to first estimate
The Economic and Fiscal Effects of Granting Refugees Formal Labor Market Access
There are over 25 million refugees in the world today and most of them—especially those in developing countries—do not have formal labor market access (LMA). That is, they do not have the right to
Finishing Degrees and Finding Jobs: US Higher Education and the Flow of Foreign IT Workers
The rising importance of information technology (IT) occupations in the US economy has been accompanied by an expansion in the representation of high-skill, foreign-born IT workers. To illustrate,
The impact of legal status on economic outcomes has been well documented in the literature with most research focused on labor market outcomes such as wages and occupational mobility. In this paper,
The Effects of Green Cards on the Wages and Innovations of New PhDs
Visa policies in the United States restrict job opportunities and job mobility for U.S.-trained PhDs who hold a temporary visa, a group that accounts for 40 percent of newly graduated PhDs in science
Employment of Undocumented Immigrants and the Prospect of Legal Status: Evidence from an Amnesty Program 
This article estimates the causal effect of the prospect of legal status on the employment outcomes of undocumented immigrants. The identification strategy exploits a natural experiment provided by
Chinese Immigrant Wealth: Heterogeneity in Adaptation
Differences among Chinese immigrants in wealth ownership account for important variation between Chinese immigrants, natives, and other immigrant groups and provide important, new insight into the processes that lead to immigrant adaptation and long-term class stability.
The Impact of Migration on Fertility under China’s Underlying Restrictions: A Comparative Study Between Permanent and Temporary Migrants
Compared with that in other countries, the issue of fertility in China is more complicated because of its restriction policy or system. Several major hypotheses have been proposed to explain and


The Impact of Legal Status on Immigrants’ Earnings and Human Capital: Evidence from the IRCA 1986
The Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA), the largest amnesty in U.S. history, took effect in 1986 and legalized all immigrants who arrived before 1982. The IRCA creates a discontinuity,
Impact of the 1993 Chinese student protection act on American and Chinese societies
  • X. Fu
  • Sociology
    Journal of Northeast Asian Studies
  • 1995
To protect Chinese students from possible political persecution, in 1993 a U.S. presidential executive order took effect, declaring that all Chinese nationals who came to the States before April 12,
Chinese Student and Labor Migration to the United States: Trends and Policies since the 1980s
This paper analyzes recent patterns of Chinese immigration to the United States. We mainly compare the migration trends of students and laborers. Foreign students enter the U.S. usually as temporary
Undocumented workers in the labor market: An analysis of the earnings of legal and illegal Mexican immigrants in the United States
Though illegal immigrants have lower education and English proficiency, and a shorter period of residence in the United States, than legal immigrants, it is shown that differences in the observed characteristics of legal andillegal immigrants explain only 48% of the log-wage gap between male legal and illegal workers and 43% ofThe gap for women.
Gender Differences in the Labor Market: Impact of IRCA
How to address the current record-high number of unauthorized workers within our borders has been a hotly debated topic. Although a number of studies have examined the effect of employer sanctions
Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2011
This report provides estimates of the size of the unauthorized immigrant population residing in the United States as of January 2011 by period of entry, region and country of origin, state of
Coming out of the Shadows: Learning about Legal Status and Wages from the Legalized Population
The 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) granted amnesty to approximately 1.7 million long‐term unauthorized workers in an effort to bring them “out of the shadows” and improve their labor
How Much is a Green Card Worth ? Evidence from Mexican and Puerto Rican Men Who Marry Women Born in the U . S .
Recognizing that U.S. immigrants can acquire Permanent Resident status by marrying natives, we quantify the value of that status using the earnings premium received by Mexican-born men who marry
Permanent Visas and Temporary Jobs: Evidence from Postdoctoral Participation of Foreign PhDs in the United States
About 75 percent of U.S.-trained, noncitizen PhDs in science and engineering work in the United States after graduation, and 54 percent of those who stay take postdoctoral positions. The probability