China's Belt and Road Initiative: Conservation opportunities for threatened marine species and habitats

  title={China's Belt and Road Initiative: Conservation opportunities for threatened marine species and habitats},
  author={Mischa P. Turschwell and Christopher J. Brown and Ryan M. Pearson and Rod M. Connolly},
  journal={Marine Policy},
Abstract China's Belt and Road Initiative is the world's largest infrastructure development project aimed at linking Europe and East Africa with Asia. Port infrastructure development associated with the maritime component of China's Belt and Road Initiative (mBRI) could have trans-boundary environmental impacts. These impacts are likely to affect key coastal marine habitats (coral reefs, mangroves, seagrasses and saltmarshes) and threatened marine species. We used spatial analyses to quantify… Expand
6 Citations
The scale of biodiversity impacts of the Belt and Road Initiative in Southeast Asia
The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is the largest infrastructure development in human history. Given its scale of influence and infrastructure undertakings, it is set to bring far-reachingExpand
Risks to global biodiversity and Indigenous lands from China's overseas development finance.
It is found that 63% of China-financed projects overlap with critical habitats, protected areas or Indigenous lands, with up to 24% of the world's threatened birds, mammals, reptiles and amphibians potentially impacted by the projects. Expand
Anthropogenic pressures and life history predict trajectories of seagrass meadow extent at a global scale
This work examines associations between change in seagrass meadow area and key pressures globally, helping predict the trajectory of meadows in unmonitored regions, and model trajectories of segrass change at the global scale and show they are related to multiple anthropogenic pressures but that trajectories vary widely with seagRass life-history strategies. Expand
Ecology and environment of the Belt and Road under global climate change: A systematic review of spatial patterns, cost efficiency, and ecological footprints
  • Dawei Zhang, Lingling Wu, +5 authors Hui Xu
  • Geography
  • Ecological Indicators
  • 2021
Abstract The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) will play an essential role in boosting the world’s economy. However, the main portion of the Belt and Road (B&R) is in arid, semi-arid, or sub-humidExpand
Saltmarsh grass supports fishery food webs in subtropical Australian estuaries
All fishery food webs are ultimately underpinned by organic matter produced by algae and plants, some of it supplied by primary producers at the fringes of fish habitats. This is no different inExpand
Disturbance type determines how connectivity shapes ecosystem resilience
Grazing performance, a key ecosystem function, is linked to connectivity by manipulating the spatial configuration of habitats in microcosms impacted by multiple stressors, and greater connectivity enhanced ecosystem function and reduced variability in grazing performance in unperturbed systems. Expand


Understanding and minimizing environmental impacts of the Belt and Road Initiative.
  • A. Hughes
  • Medicine, Geography
  • Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
  • 2019
Using the highest resolution route maps of the BRI available, this work overlaid the proposed road and rail routes on KBAs, protected areas, and predicted biodiversity hotspots for over 4138 animal and 7371 plant species and found infrastructure, especially mining, was clustered near the proposed route. Expand
Biodiversity conservation should be a core value of China’s Belt and Road Initiative
It is challenged decision-makers, infrastructure planners and conservationists to work together not only to mitigate BRI’s negative impacts, but also to think how to transform this juggernaut into an opportunity for biodiversity. Expand
Guiding principles for the improved governance of port and shipping impacts in the Great Barrier Reef.
The impacts of ports and shipping on biodiversity in the GBR are reviewed, a series of guiding principles are proposed to improve the current governance arrangements, and certainty and clarity are provided to port operators and developers. Expand
A broad-scale assessment of the risk to coastal seagrasses from cumulative threats
Informing the management of coastal marine habitats at broad spatial scales is difficult because of the costs associated with collecting and analyzing ecological data at that scale. SpatiallyExpand
Environmental Impacts of Infrastructure Development under the Belt and Road Initiative
China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is the largest infrastructure scheme in our lifetime, bringing unprecedented geopolitical and economic shifts far larger than previous rising powers. ConcernsExpand
Management strategies to minimize the dredging impacts of coastal development on fish and fisheries
Accelerating coastal development and shipping activities dictate that dredging operations will intensify, increasing potential impacts to fishes. Coastal fishes have high economic, ecological, andExpand
The Role of Vegetated Coastal Wetlands for Marine Megafauna Conservation.
It is concluded that coastal wetlands require greater protection to support marine megafauna, and a simple, effective framework to improve the inclusion of habitat associations within species assessments is presented. Expand
Marine Ecoregions of the World: A Bioregionalization of Coastal and Shelf Areas
ABSTRACT The conservation and sustainable use of marine resources is a highlighted goal on a growing number of national and international policy agendas. Unfortunately, efforts to assess progress, asExpand
The importance of marine spatial planning in advancing ecosystem-based sea use management
During the past 10 years, the evolution of marine spatial planning (MSP) and ocean zoning has become a crucial step in making ecosystem-based, sea use management a reality. The idea was initiallyExpand
A call for seagrass protection
Given the global distribution of seagrass and its role in climate mitigation and food security, the protection of these ecosystems has implications for the planetary boundaries within which humanity can safely operate. Expand