China's Bear Farming and Long-Term Solutions

  title={China's Bear Farming and Long-Term Solutions},
  author={Peter J. Li},
  journal={Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science},
  pages={71 - 81}
  • Peter J. Li
  • Published 1 January 2004
  • Medicine
  • Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science
For more than 2,000 years, bear bile has been an important base ingredient in Chinese traditional medicine. Prescriptions containing bear bile are believed to have healing powers for varieties of heat-related illnesses such as eye irritation, liver diseases, hemorrhoids, kidney problems, and even cancers, to name just a few. Various books of medicine circulated in China’s dynastic past documented bear bile’s medicinal effects. Its recording in The Compendium of Chinese Materia Medica (ben cao… 
Bear Bile Farming: A Debate over Traditional Medicine and Its Role in Conservation
The species most at risk of being poached for bear bile farming are the Asiatic black bear and the sun bear, both of which are listed as vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) (I UCN Red List, 2021).
Plant substances as alternatives for animal products in traditional medicines.
An investigation of plant species as alternatives to the use of products obtained from endangered animal species (bear bile, rhino horn and tiger bone) was undertaken with financial support from the
Metabolic derangements and reduced survival of bile-extracted Asiatic black bears (Ursus thibetanus)
The results provide strong evidence that bile extraction practices not only represent a temporary constraint for bears’ welfare, but confer distinct long-term adverse health consequences.
Evaluation of herbs as potential alternatives for bear bile and rhino horn used in traditional Chinese medicines: chemical and biological analysis.
Preliminary results indicate that co-administration of Scutel/aria baicalensis, Salvia miltiorrhiza, Rehmann/a glutinosa or Coptidis Rhizoma with drugs metabolised by CYP3A4, could lead to possible drug-herb interactions.
Bear farms in Lao PDR expand illegally and fail to conserve wild bears
It is suggested that bear farming in Lao PDR may be increasing the incentive to poach wild bears, as the market value for gall bladders in this industry has increased dramatically since 2000.
Activity and enrichment use in disabled Asiatic black bears (Ursus thibetanus) rescued from bile farms
Disabled bears rescued from bile farms show deficits in overall activity, with amputees also travelling less around their enclosures and blind bears potentially compromised in some forms of enrichment use, but it is apparent that they adapt well to the presence of social companions.
Culture, reform politics, and future directions: a review of China's animal protection challenge
Abstract Incidents of animal abuse in China attract worldwide media attention. Is China culturally inclined to animal cruelty, or is the country’s development strategy a better explanation? This
Towards a More Sustainable Human–Animal Relationship: The Legal Protection of Wildlife in China
Problems of the human–animal relationship in China are associated with imperfect legal protection. Few recent studies in English have focused on the entire legislation framework for wildlife


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Q&a's on China's bear bile farms and the illegal bear trade
    completing all the medical work on the bears requires 3 months. Depending on the conditions of the bears, different doses of antibiotics are administered for different durations after surgery
      Problems associated with the free-dripping fistula technique as a method of bile extraction from Asiatic black bears. Presentation at the Animals Asia
      • 2003
      Problems associated with the free-dripping fistula technique as a method of bile extraction from Asiatic black bears. Presentation at the Animals Asia Foundation
        Amputation of trap-damaged limbs