Chimpanzee mothers at Bossou, Guinea carry the mummified remains of their dead infants

@article{Biro2010ChimpanzeeMA,
  title={Chimpanzee mothers at Bossou, Guinea carry the mummified remains of their dead infants},
  author={Dora Biro and Tatyana Humle and Kathelijne Koops and Cl{\'a}udia Sousa and Misato Hayashi and Tetsuro Matsuzawa},
  journal={Current Biology},
  year={2010},
  volume={20},
  pages={R351-R352}
}
Dead infant carrying by chimpanzee mothers in the Budongo Forest
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Long-term demographic data from two East African chimpanzee groups is reported and post-mortem behaviour of the mothers are documented, finding that Budongo chimpanzee mothers routinely carried deceased infants after their death, usually until the body started to decompose after a few days.
Chimpanzee Mothers Carry the Mummified Remains of Their Dead Infants: Three Case Reports from Bossou
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In the three decades of field research at Bossou, three infant chimpanzee deaths within the community have been confirmed through observation: in each of these cases, the mothers continued to carry the bodies of their dead infants for an extended period, during which time the bodies mummified.
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This article aims to summarize reports of flu-like diseases in wild chimpanzees and introduce the full story of an infant chimpanzee who taught us a great deal about death and the dying process and provides a narrative for the life and death of a chimpanzee I got to know in the wild.
Reaction to allospecific death and to an unanimated gorilla infant in wild western gorillas: insights into death recognition and prolonged maternal carrying
  • S. Masi
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    Primates
  • 2019
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Reactions in a wild, habituated western gorilla group in the Central African Republic to an unanimated conspecific infant, and to an allospecific corpse show that non-predatory species, such as gorillas, may be able to acquire and develop some knowledge about death even though they do not kill other vertebrates.
Death among geladas (Theropithecus gelada): a broader perspective on mummified infants and primate thanatology
TLDR
A comparative perspective on primate thanatology is provided using observations from a more distant human relative—gelada monkeys (Theropithecus gelada)—and how gelada reactions to dead and dying groupmates differ from those recently reported for chimpanzees is discussed.
Why chimpanzees carry dead infants: an empirical assessment of existing hypotheses
TLDR
It is found that mothers carried infant corpses at high rates, despite behavioural evidence that they recognize that death has occurred, and no support for any of the leading hypotheses for duration of continued carriage is found.
Corpse-directed play parenting by a sterile adult female chimpanzee
TLDR
Two cases from Ngogo in Kibale National Park, Uganda are reported, in which a wild adult female chimpanzee directed parental behaviors at corpses, and the play parent was a presumably sterile adult female, well beyond the average age of first birth.
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The Bossou chimpanzees occupy 6 km 2 of sacred forest and farm bush almost a day’s journey from any others of their species, and in apparent response to their strange isolation they challenge various demographic and behavioral generalizations.
Reactions to Dead Bodies of Conspecifics by Wild Chimpanzees in the Mahale Mountains, Tanzania
Various reactions to dead conspecifics by Mahale chimpanzees have been observed. Reactions were classified into whether the dead conspecific was an infant or adult.The extreme persistence of one
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The present paper reports the death of wild chimpanzees through a flu-like epidemic at Bossou, Guinea, West Africa. The community at Bossou has been studied continuously since 1976. Records from the
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This chapter aims to present the sequence of events that escalated in the loss of these five chimpanzees in November 2003 and reminds us of the vulnerability of chimpanzees to human-borne diseases, especially respiratory diseases, and the urgent need to put in place practical measures aimed at preventing the occurrence of similar outbreaks in the future.
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TLDR
This report describes prolonged carriage of the corpses of two mountain gorilla infants by both related and unrelated adult females, suggesting that maternal behavior toward unrelated infants may be a by-product of the hormonal condition of pregnancy and that the animals may be “learning to mother,” as nulliparous females could benefit from the experience of handling an infant that is no longer alive.
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