Chimpanzee and human midfoot motion during bipedal walking and the evolution of the longitudinal arch of the foot.

@article{Holowka2017ChimpanzeeAH,
  title={Chimpanzee and human midfoot motion during bipedal walking and the evolution of the longitudinal arch of the foot.},
  author={Nicholas B Holowka and Matthew C O'Neill and Nathan E Thompson and Brigitte Demes},
  journal={Journal of human evolution},
  year={2017},
  volume={104},
  pages={23-31}
}
The longitudinal arch of the human foot is commonly thought to reduce midfoot joint motion to convert the foot into a rigid lever during push off in bipedal walking. In contrast, African apes have been observed to exhibit midfoot dorsiflexion following heel lift during terrestrial locomotion, presumably due to their possession of highly mobile midfoot joints. This assumed dichotomy between human and African ape midfoot mobility has recently been questioned based on indirect assessments of in… CONTINUE READING
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