Children with gender identity disorder: Is there a best practice?

  title={Children with gender identity disorder: Is there a best practice?},
  author={Kenneth J. Zucker},
  journal={Neuropsychiatrie De L'enfance Et De L'adolescence},
  • K. Zucker
  • Published 1 September 2008
  • Psychology
  • Neuropsychiatrie De L'enfance Et De L'adolescence
Gender dysphoria/gender variance in children – diagnostic and therapeutic controversies
Purpose: The aim of this paper is to provide a synthesis and present the current state of knowledge about the situation of children with atypical gender identity and their families. Available data
A Critical Review of Assumptions About Gender Variant Children in Psychological Research
Research on gender variant children (including those who meet criteria for Gender Identity Disorder in Children) originated with the heterosexist goal of preventing gender and sexual minority
A Developmental, Biopsychosocial Model for the Treatment of Children with Gender Identity Disorder
A summary of the therapeutic model and approach used in the Gender Identity Service at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto, including a strong emphasis on developmental factors, is provided.
On the "natural history" of gender identity disorder in children.
  • K. Zucker
  • Medicine
    Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
  • 2008
The study by Wallien and Cohen-Kettenis 7 needs to be contextualized in this specialty area’s small history. In the 1960s, when the phenomenon of transsexualism (a term that preceded the use of the
Ethical issues raised by the treatment of gender-variant prepubescent children.
There is no expert clinical consensus regarding the treatment of prepubescent children who meet diagnostic criteria for what was referred to in both DSM-IV-TR and ICD-10 as gender identity disorder in children and now in DSM-5 as gender dysphoria.
Attachment and Shame in Gender-Nonconforming Children and Their Families: Toward a Theoretical Framework for Evaluating Clinical Interventions
ABSTRACT There is currently no consensus over how best to approach work with gender-nonconforming children and their families. We turn to attachment theory to develop a framework for assessing the
Chapter 2 – Gender Diagnoses
If We Listen: Discussion of Diane Ehrensaft's “Listening and Learning from Gender-Nonconforming Children”
Given the absence of reliable predictor variables that differentiate between children whose gender dysphoria will desist versus those in whom it will persist into adolescence, child analysis potentially offers a venue from which to assess the developmental achievements that might impact a decision to support or question the utilization of puberty blockers.
Commentary on the Treatment of Gender Variant and Gender Dysphoric Children and Adolescents: Common Themes and Ethical Reflections
  • E. Stein
  • Psychology
    Journal of homosexuality
  • 2012
This commentary focuses on how these practices problematically reproduce social prejudices and stereotypes and how they fail to acknowledge and embrace the multiple pathways for expressing one's gender.
How might parents of pre-pubescent children with gender identity issues understand their experience?
Whilst in recent times there has been an increasing interest in the popular media in families with gender variant children, there is still a paucity of academic research into the experience of


Gender identity development and issues.
  • K. Zucker
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Child and adolescent psychiatric clinics of North America
  • 2004
How Dresses Can Make You Mentally Ill: Examining Gender Identity Disorder in Children
This paper examines the diagnostic category of Gender Identity Disorder in Children (GIDC) and its evolution. It also critiques the continued use of GIDC on conceptual, psychometric, and ethical
Adult gender identity disorder can remit.
Reports were reviewed for apparent remissions in adult GID, finding that subjects require a long trial period of cross-gender living prior to any surgical interventions, and the frequency of permanent remission may be underestimated.
Extreme boyhood femininity: isolated behavior or pervasive disorder?
Gender Identity Disorder in Young Boys: A Parent- and Peer-Based Treatment Protocol
Gender identity disorder (GID) as a psychiatric category is currently under debate. Because of the psychosocial consequences of childhood GID and the fact that childhood GID, in most cases, appears
Finding Our Way
Abstract The world of mainstream psychotherapy encounters unfamiliar territory when a four-year-old girl, desperate to have a different-gendered body, is treated over a three-year period by a
Clinical Management of Gender Identity Disorders in Children and Adults
Introduction, Ray Blanchard gender identity disorders in children - clinical descriptions and natural history, Kenneth J.Zucker treatment of gender identity disorders in children, Kenneth J.Zucker
The etiology of boyhood gender identity disorder: A model for integrating temperament, development, and psychodynamics
In this paper, we present a model for conceptualizing the etiology of boyhood gender identity disorder. We illustrate the model with a specific case of a three‐year‐old boy who developed a gender
Cross-Gender-Identified Children
It may come as a surprise to some that this well-known retrospective researcher was sensitive to the method’s limitations. Despite their shortcomings, retrospective methods have made important
Commentary on Langer and Martin’s (2004) “How Dresses Can Make You Mentally Ill: Examining Gender Identity Disorder in Children”
Langer and Martin’s (2004) essay on the diagnosis of Gender Identity Disorder in Children (GIDC) is the most recent addition to a literature of critics. Although many of Langer and Martin’s