Children of depressed parents: an integrative review.

@article{Downey1990ChildrenOD,
  title={Children of depressed parents: an integrative review.},
  author={Geraldine Downey and James Coyne},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  year={1990},
  volume={108 1},
  pages={
          50-76
        }
}
This article reviews the various literatures on the adjustment of children of depressed parents, difficulties in parenting and parent-child interaction in these families, and contextual factors that may play a role in child adjustment and parent depression. First, issues arising from the recurrent, episodic, heterogeneous nature of depression are discussed. Second, studies on the adjustment of children with a depressed parent are summarized. Early studies that used depressed parents as controls… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Parenting Related to Child and Parental Psychopathology: A Descriptive Review of the Literature
Two areas of recent research on parenting are examined: (i) Parenting problems in families with parental psychopathology, and (ii) parenting problems when children have psychiatric disorders. Review
The Effects of Mothers' Depression on the Behavioral Assessment of Disruptive Child Behavior
ABSTRACT Assessment issues with families of disruptive children ages 3 to 8 years, and depressed mothers are of significant clinical and research importance. Given the long-term deleterious effects
The influence of parental depression, interparental conflict and parent-child hostility on the development of psychopathology in children and adolescents
Parental depression has been highlighted as a major risk factor for the development of psychopathology in children and adolescents (Mars et al, 2012; Sellers et al, 2013). Garber & Martin (2002)
A model-based intervention for depressed mothers and their infants.
TLDR
An early intervention program is presented that aims to improve the interaction between depressed mothers and their infants to prevent developmental problems in the children.
Youth Depression in the Family Context: Familial Risk Factors and Models of Treatment
TLDR
Treatment approaches for youth depression that have been empirically tested are described and then summarized in terms of their level of parent inclusion, including cognitive–behavioral therapy, interpersonal therapy, and family systems approaches.
Parental Depression and Child Behavior Problems: A Pilot Study Examining Pathways of Influence
Parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have higher rates of depressive symptoms than parents of typically developing children and parents of children with other developmental
Ethnic Differences in the Effects of Parental Depression on Preschool Children's Socioemotional Functioning
The present study describes the depressive symptomatology of 393 parents of prekindergarten children and assesses ethnic differences in the depression scores of these parents and their differential
Psychological Adjustment in Children of Mothers With Eating Disorders.
TLDR
Overall it appears that mothers with eating disorders do not have children who evidence significant eating and behavioral difficulties in early to late childhood, though these mothers described experiencing a high rate of pregnancy and birth complications, high parenting stress, and symptoms of clinical depression.
Reciprocal Influences Between Girls’ Conduct Problems and Depression, and Parental Punishment and Warmth: A Six year Prospective Analysis
TLDR
Both parenting behaviors were uniquely predictive of changes in girls’ conduct problems and depressed mood, and both parenting effects remained significant, but only low parental warmth remained as a significant predictor of depressed mood.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 249 REFERENCES
Children of parents with unipolar depression: A controlled 1-year follow-up
TLDR
Although remitted parents and their family social environments improved, their children were still functioning more poorly than children of controls and both the children and the families of nonremitted parents continued to function more well than controls.
Comparisons of children of depressed and nondepressed parents: A social-environmental perspective
TLDR
A social-environmental perspective helped to identify aspects of parents' functioning, family stressors, and resources that were related to children's health that were strongly related to the probability of disturbance among children of depressed parents.
Maternal depression and child adjustment: a longitudinal analysis.
TLDR
The results indicated that the depressed mothers described their children as having various behavior problems; interestingly, interviewers also rated these children as demonstrating disturbed behavior and the lack of significant differences between children of the depressed and the nondepressed psychiatric patients suggests that child adjustment is more strongly related to the presence of maternal psychopathology.
Relationship of mother and child variables to child outcomes in a high-risk sample: A causal modeling analysis.
Children of depressed mothers are at risk for psychopathology, but most studies have failed to examine mediators of the effects, mutual influence of children and mothers on each other, and effects of
The Effects of Parental Divorce and Parental Conflict on Children: An Overview
  • N. LongR. Forehand
  • Psychology
    Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP
  • 1987
TLDR
Researchers are now beginning to identify and study numerous factors that appear to play a critical role in mediating child adjustment following parental divorce, including parental conflict.
Effects of marital discord on the school behavior of children of schizophrenic, affectively disordered, and normal parents
TLDR
Marital discord was found to account for much of the association between having a parent with bipolar disorder or unipolar depression and problematic school behavior, but the same variable did not explain the relationship betweenHaving a schizophrenic parent and problems in school.
Early child-rearing practices in families with a manic-depressive parent.
TLDR
Mothers from index families were less attentive to their children's health needs, emphasized performance in some achievement-related areas, were more overprotective, and reported more negative affect toward the child.
Assessing psychiatric disorders in children. Discrepancies between mothers' and children's reports.
TLDR
The findings that parents under-report psychiatric disorders in their children are comparable with those reported in studies of adults when family informants are used to obtain diagnostic information.
Psychopathology in children of parents with recurrent depression
TLDR
Significant differences between groups were found for affective disorders and attention deficit disorder, and a nonsignificant trend was noted for anxiety disorder, all of which were more prevalent in the children of depressed parents.
...
...