Children are safer in states with strict firearm laws: A National Inpatient Sample study

@article{Safavi2014ChildrenAS,
  title={Children are safer in states with strict firearm laws: A National Inpatient Sample study},
  author={Arash Safavi and Peter M Rhee and Viraj Pandit and Narong Kulvatunyou and Andrew L. Tang and Hassan Aziz and Donald J. Green and Terence O’Keeffe and Gary A. Vercruysse and Randall S. Friese and Bellal A. Joseph},
  journal={Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery},
  year={2014},
  volume={76},
  pages={146–151}
}
BACKGROUND Firearm control laws vary across the United States and remain state specific. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between variation in states’ firearm control laws and the risk of firearm-related injuries in pediatric population. We hypothesized that strict firearm control laws impact the incidence of pediatric firearm injury. METHODS All patients with trauma Ecodes and those 18 years or younger were identified from the 2009 Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Individual… Expand
The burden of firearm violence in the United States: stricter laws result in safer states
TLDR
States without SFL have higher firearm related injury rates, higher firearms related mortality rate, and significant potential years of life lost compared to SFL states. Expand
State Gun Laws and Pediatric Firearm-Related Mortality
TLDR
In this 5-year analysis, states with stricter gun laws and laws requiring universal background checks for firearm purchase had lower firearm-related pediatric mortality rates, supporting the need for further investigation to understand the impact of firearm legislation on pediatric mortality. Expand
The Association of State Firearm Legislation With the Burden of Firearm-related Surgery.
TLDR
The rate of firearm-related surgical intervention was higher for states with nonstrict firearm legislation than that forStates with strict legislation, and states should reevaluate their firearm legislation to potentially reduce the burden of firearms-related surgery and health care costs. Expand
Variability of child access prevention laws and pediatric firearm injuries
TLDR
The association of CAP laws on hospitalizations for pediatric firearm injuries differed greatly depending on whether a state had adopted a strong CAP law or a weak CAP law. Expand
The effect of gun control laws on hospital admissions for children in the United States
TLDR
Findings highlight the importance of legislative measures and their role in injury prevention, as firearm injuries are entirely avoidable mechanisms of injury andLenient gun control contributes not only to worse outcomes per case, but also to a more significant and detrimental impact on public health. Expand
Firearm Legislation Stringency and Firearm-Related Fatalities among Children in the US.
TLDR
Strict gun legislation and CAP laws are associated with fewer pediatric firearm fatalities and firearm suicides, respectively, though no such association was identified with pediatric firearm homicides. Expand
What Do We Know About the Association Between Firearm Legislation and Firearm-Related Injuries?
TLDR
High quality research on the association between the implementation or repeal of firearm legislation (rather than the evaluation of existing laws) and firearm injuries would lead to a better understanding of what interventions are likely to work given local contexts. Expand
Firearm injuries due to legal intervention in children and adolescents: a national analysis.
TLDR
An analysis of this very specific injury mechanism demonstrates important findings, which are difficult to collect from conventional data sources, and future research will contribute to the objectiveAnalysis of this politically charged subject. Expand
The association of firearm laws with firearm outcomes among children and adolescents: a scoping review
TLDR
Outside of child access prevention laws, which are associated with reductions in child and adolescent unintentional and firearm suicide deaths, there is, at best, equivocal evidence of policy effects. Expand
State Firearm Legislation and Nonfatal Firearm Injuries.
TLDR
There is significant variation in state-level hospital discharge rates for nonfatal firearm injuries, and stricter state firearm legislation is associated with lower discharge rates in states in the strictest tertile of legislative strength. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 15 REFERENCES
Firearm legislation and firearm-related fatalities in the United States.
TLDR
A higher number of firearm laws in a state are associated with a lower rate of firearm fatalities in the state, overall and for suicides and homicides individually, as well as an ecological and cross-sectional method. Expand
Guns and states: Pediatric firearm injury
TLDR
Pediatric firearm injuries continue to be a significant source of morbidity, mortality, and economic burden and a significant increase in accidental firearm injuries in states with the SYG law may highlight inadvertent effects of the law. Expand
An evaluation of state firearm regulations and homicide and suicide death rates
TLDR
A “shall issue” law that eliminates most restrictions on carrying a concealed weapon may be associated with increased firearm homicide rates, but no law was associated with a statistically significant reduction in firearm homicide or suicide rates. Expand
Homicide and suicide rates associated with implementation of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act.
TLDR
Implementation of the Brady Act appears to have been associated with reductions in the firearm suicide rate for persons aged 55 years or older but not with reduction in homicide rates or overall suicide rates. Expand
State background checks for gun purchase and firearm deaths: an exploratory study.
TLDR
More extensive background checks prior to gun purchase are mostly associated with reductions in firearm homicide and suicide deaths. Expand
Homicide, suicide, and unintentional firearm fatality: comparing the United States with other high-income countries, 2003.
TLDR
The United States has far higher rates of firearm deaths-firearm homicides, firearm suicides, and unintentional firearm deaths compared with other high-income countries and is an outlier in terms of the authors' overall homicide rate. Expand
Evaluating gun policy : effects on crime and violence
Compared with other developed nations, the United States is unique in its high rates of both gun ownership and murder. Although widespread gun ownership does not have much effect on the overall crimeExpand
Data and statistics (WISQARS)
  • http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/index. html
  • 2013
...
1
2
...