Children and Youth in Neighborhood Contexts

  title={Children and Youth in Neighborhood Contexts},
  author={Tama Leventhal and Jeanne Brooks-Gunn},
  journal={Current Directions in Psychological Science},
  pages={27 - 31}
Neighborhoods are increasingly studied as a context where children and youth develop; however, the extent of neighborhoods' impact remains debatable because it is difficult to disentangle this impact from that of the family context, in part because families have some choice as to where they live. Evidence from randomized experiments, studies using advanced statistical models, and longitudinal studies that control for family characteristics indicates that neighborhoods do matter. In… 

Neighborhood Quality, Childcare Quality, and Children's Early Developmental Outcomes

NEIGHBORHOOD QUALITY, CHILDCARE QUALITY, AND CHILDREN’S EARLY DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOMES Elif Bor, M.A. George Mason University, 2007 Thesis Director: Dr. Adam Winsler There has been mounting interest in

Neighborhood Community Risk Influences on Preschool Children's Development and School Readiness

The effects of economic hardship and language isolation in children's neighborhood communities were examined to determine their influence on young children's developmental outcomes on measures of

How Housing Affects Child Well-Being

Abstract Families want to live in homes and neighborhoods that will get their children off to the best possible start. Yet high housing costs in many parts of the country complicate housing

Does Neighborhood Social Capital Buffer the Effects of Maternal Depression on Adolescent Behavior Problems?

This interaction showed that living in neighborhoods with higher levels of social capital attenuated the relationship between maternal depression and adolescent behavior problems and confirmed the expectation that raising healthy well-adjusted children depends not only on the family, but also the context in which the family lives.

Neighborhood context and adjustment in African American youths from single mother homes: the intervening role of hopelessness.

It is suggested that hopelessness may afford a valuable target for prevention and intervention programming among African American youths from single mother homes in the context of adverse neighborhood conditions.

Capitalizing on Place: An Investigation of the Relationships among Social Capital, Neighborhood Conditions, Maternal Depression, and Child Outcomes

In this dissertation I employ an ecological framework to understand the co-occurring influence of the individual, family, and community on child and maternal well-being. Specifically, I investigate

Neighborhood effects on behavioral and educational trajectories of U.S. children and adolescents

Humphrey, Jamie L. (Ph.D., Geography) Neighborhood Effects on Behavioral and Educational Trajectories of U.S. Children and Adolescents Thesis directed by Associate Professor Elisabeth Root Behavioral

How Neighborhoods Matter for Rural and Urban Children's Language and Cognitive Development at Kindergarten and Grade 4.

The authors took a population-based approach to testing how commonly studied neighborhood socioeconomic conditions are associated with the language and cognitive outcomes of residentially stable

Is neighborhood poverty harmful to every child? Neighborhood poverty, family poverty, and behavioral problems among young children.

Results showed an association between neighborhood poverty and lower social cohesion and safety, which lead to greater externalizing problems among children with long-term family poverty living in high-poverty neighborhoods compared with those in low-p poverty neighborhoods.



The neighborhoods they live in: the effects of neighborhood residence on child and adolescent outcomes.

This article provides a comprehensive review of research on the effects of neighborhood residence on child and adolescent well-being and suggests the importance of high socioeconomic status for achievement and low SES and residential instability for behavioral/emotional outcomes.

A randomized study of neighborhood effects on low-income children's educational outcomes.

Moving to low-poverty neighborhoods had positive effects on 11-18-year-old boys' achievement scores compared with those of their peers in high-p poverty neighborhoods, and benefited disadvantaged male adolescents at high risk for dropping out of school.

Moving to opportunity: an experimental study of neighborhood effects on mental health.

This study provides experimental evidence of neighborhood income effects on mental health, and parents who moved to low-poverty neighborhoods reported significantly less distress than parents who remained in high-p poverty neighborhoods.

In the Mix, Yet on the Margins: The Place of Families in Urban Neighborhood and Child Development Research

In the 1990s, the most popular theoretical and empirical research issue concerning the local ecologies of families focused on the impact of family structures (e.g., household composition) and

The Effects of Neighborhood Disadvantage on Adolescent Development

A conceptual framework for studying emerging neighborhood effects on individual development is presented, identifying specific mechanisms and processes by which neighborhood disadvantage influences

The contribution of neighborhood and family income to developmental test scores over the first three years of life.

Modating effects of family risk on family and neighborhood income effects revealed an interaction between family poverty and risks for scores at age 3, which was stronger for family income-test score associations at age3 than for neighborhood income.

Neighborhoods and violent crime: a multilevel study of collective efficacy.

Multilevel analyses showed that a measure of collective efficacy yields a high between-neighborhood reliability and is negatively associated with variations in violence, when individual-level characteristics, measurement error, and prior violence are controlled.

American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass

  • D. Massey
  • Economics
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 1990
This article argues that racial segregation is crucial to explaining the emergence of the urban underclass during the 1970s. A strong interaction between rising rates of poverty and high levels of

Crossing the Class and Color Lines: From Public Housing to White Suburbia

In the United States, it is rare that people of different races and social classes live together in the same housing developments and neighbourhoods. The Gautreaux programme, one of the most