Children's memory distortions following social contact with a co-witness: Disentangling social and cognitive mechanisms

  title={Children's memory distortions following social contact with a co-witness: Disentangling social and cognitive mechanisms},
  author={Alexandra Bright-Paul and Christopher Jarrold and Daniel B. Wright and Stephanie Guillaume},
  pages={580 - 595}
This study examined whether recalling an event with a co-witness influences children's recall. Individual 3–5-year-olds (n = 48) watched a film with a co-witness. Unbeknown to participants, the co-witness was watching an alternative version of the film. Afterwards both the co-witness and the participant answered questions about the film together (public recall), and the degree to which children conformed to the co-witness's alternative version of events was measured. Subsequently participants… 
5 Citations
Cognitive Development arental reminiscing style and children ’ s suggestibility about n alleged transgression
We examined the links between parental elaborativeness and children’s suggestibility about a salient event, testing the hypothesis that, in an accuracy-focused context, children of elaborative
Childhood Memory: An Update from the Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective
Children are not simply miniature adults. As such, the memory of a child is significantly different from the memory of an adult. Furthermore, the ability to form memories is not innate and instead


Peer discussion affects children's memory reports
This study explored the memory conformity effect in children. Younger (6–7 years; n = 60) and older (11–12 years; n = 62) children watched a video individually (individual witness condition) or in
Co-witness Information Can Have Immediate Effects on Eyewitness Memory Reports
Results have implications not only for the immediate effects on the accuracy of witnesses' memory reports, but also for the impact that even one such inaccurate report can have on the manner in which a case is investigated by the police or other authorities.
Memory conformity: Can eyewitnesses influence each other's memories for an event?
The current study investigated memory conformity effects between individuals who witness and then discuss a criminal event, employing a novel procedure whereby each member of a dyad watches a
Age differences in the effects of social influence on children's eyewitness performance and their metacognitive monitoring.
Memory conformity: Disentangling the steps toward influence during a discussion
The most striking finding was that the witness initiating the discussion was most likely to influence the other witness’s memory report, and witnesses were mostlikely to be influenced when an additional (previously unseen) item of information was encountered in the discussion.
The relation between inhibitory control and children’s eyewitness memory
SUMMARY The hypothesis that inhibitory control—an aspect of executive functioning—is related to children’s suggestibility was tested. Five- to 7-year-olds (N ¼ 125) participated in a staged event,
The co-witness misinformation effect: Memory blends or memory compliance?
Responses from misled participants showed that some of the distorted memories were blends of the original information and the post-event information.