Children's Risky Play from an Evolutionary Perspective: The Anti-Phobic Effects of Thrilling Experiences

@article{Sandseter2011ChildrensRP,
  title={Children's Risky Play from an Evolutionary Perspective: The Anti-Phobic Effects of Thrilling Experiences},
  author={Ellen Beate Hansen Sandseter and Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair},
  journal={Evolutionary Psychology},
  year={2011},
  volume={9}
}
This theoretical article views children's risky play from an evolutionary perspective, addressing specific evolutionary functions and especially the anti-phobic effects of risky play. According to the non-associative theory, a contemporary approach to the etiology of anxiety, children develop fears of certain stimuli (e.g., heights and strangers) that protect them from situations they are not mature enough to cope with, naturally through infancy. Risky play is a set of motivated behaviors that… 

Tables from this paper

Children's Expressions of Exhilaration and Fear in Risky Play
Children naturally seek and conduct exciting forms of play that involve a risk of physical injury (risky play). Even though several prior studies give descriptions of risky play, none of them deeply
Adventurous Play as a Mechanism for Reducing Risk for Childhood Anxiety: A Conceptual Model
TLDR
It is proposed that the positive, thrilling and playful emotions associated with this type of child-led play facilitate exposure to fear-provoking situations and, in doing so, provide opportunities for children to learn about physiological arousal, uncertainty and coping.
‘it tickles in my tummy!’ understanding children’s risk-taking in play through reversal theory
‘It tickles in my tummy’ is one of the most frequent answers when children are asked to describe what they experience when engaging in risky play. Why do children take risks in spite of the fact that
Professional attitudes towards children’s risk-taking in play: insights into influencing factors in Dutch contexts
ABSTRACT Childcare settings offer an ideal opportunity for children to become acquainted with risk-taking in play, which promotes healthy growth and development. Van Rooijen and Newstead’s (2016)
Risky play from the student’s perspective
The interactive process involving play as a main component of children’s activities enables children to identify existing knowledge, skills and abilities, and to enhance and enrich them with new
The Benefits of Risky Play and Adult Influence in Children's Risky Play
This project examines the many benefits of risky play for children’s development and also looks at how adults’ beliefs and values influence children’s opportunity to take risks in their play. This
The Evolutionary Basis of Sex Differences in Parenting and Its Relationship with Child Anxiety in Western Societies
In this review, we discuss the evolutionary basis of differences in paternal and maternal parenting behavior in Western societies and apply this to the intergenerational transmission of anxiety. The
“We Enjoyed Our Childhood to The Fullest”: Early Childhood Teachers’ Risky Play Memories and Risky Play Managements
The aim of the study is to evaluate the relationship between early childhood teachers’ risky play experiences, their injury histories in their childhood and risky play management strategies they used
Exploring toddler risky play: Listening to the voices of parents and teachers of toddlers in one school setting
This qualitative study explored the understandings, definitions, and influences of three toddler teachers and four toddler parents within the context of risky play in toddlerhood at a Southeastern
Problematizing “Play-for-Health” Discourses Through Children’s Photo-Elicited Narratives
TLDR
Findings point to a dissonance between children’s play promoted for physical health and the meaning of play for children as emotionally contingent, intrinsically motivated, and purposeless.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 177 REFERENCES
Children's Expressions of Exhilaration and Fear in Risky Play
Children naturally seek and conduct exciting forms of play that involve a risk of physical injury (risky play). Even though several prior studies give descriptions of risky play, none of them deeply
Failure to overcome 'innate' fear: a developmental test of the non-associative model of fear acquisition.
Understanding children's injury-risk behaviors: the independent contributions of cognitions and emotions.
TLDR
Regression analysis revealed that risk taking was predicted from ratings of danger, fear, and excitement, and both cognitive and emotional factors independently contribute to predict children's physical risk taking.
Evidence for a non-associative model of the acquisition of a fear of heights.
The conditioning theory of fearacquisition: A critical examination
Competitiveness, risk taking, and violence: the young male syndrome
The conditioning theory of fear-acquisition: a critical examination.
  • S. Rachman
  • Psychology, Biology
    Behaviour research and therapy
  • 1977
The conditioning theory of fear-acquisition is outlined and the supporting evidence and arguments presented. It is argued that the theory lacks comprehensiveness and is also inadequate in other
The role of contextual and personal factors in children's risk taking.
TLDR
The primary aims of the present studies were to add to the sparse developmental database on risk taking and conduct initial tests of a self-regulation model of risk taking, which gained further support from the finding that 5 variables correlated with risk taking in 4th, 6th, and 8th graders.
Fear and fitness: an evolu-tionary analysis of anxiety disorders
...
...