Children's Exposure to Violence in the Family and Community

  title={Children's Exposure to Violence in the Family and Community},
  author={Gayla Margolin and Elana B. Gordis},
  journal={Current Directions in Psychological Science},
  pages={152 - 155}
Exposure to family and community violence is linked with aggression, depression, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and academic and cognitive difficulties. It has the potential to permeate many dimensions of children's day-to-day lives and to erode possible sources of social support. Although the literature focuses on deleterious outcomes, many children fare well in the face of exposure to violence. Research attending to developmental processes, the co-occurrence of multiple forms of violence, and… 

Behavior Problems Among Adolescents Exposed to Family and Community Violence in Chile.

Results from multilevel models indicated a positive association between youth exposure to violence in the family and community, and a wide range of behavior problem outcomes, in particular, aggression.

Impact of Exposure to Violence on Urban Youth: A Biopsychosocial Perspective of Aggression

IMPACT OF EXPOSURE TO VIOLENCE ON URBAN YOUTH: A BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL PERSPECTIVE OF AGGRESSION Exposure to violence has pervasive and deleterious effects on children that are just beginning to be

Community Violence Exposure and Developmental Psychopathology

Community violence is concentrated in lower socioeconomic urban communities although it occurs in many locations. While sharing many features with child maltreatment and other family violence, it is

Adolescent Exposure to Violence and Adult Anxiety, Depression, and PTSD

The present study investigates how adolescent exposure to violence (AEV), in the form of parental physical abuse, witnessing parental violence, and exposure to violence in the neighborhood, is

Parenting Stress as a Mediator of Exposure to Potentially Traumatic Events and Behavioral Health Outcomes in Children and Youth

The environment in which children grow and develop is vital to the trajectory of their development [1]. Risk and protective factors increase or decrease the likelihood of developmental disruptions

Community Violence in Context

Information from this review can inform community and government efforts to lessen community violence through prevention and treatment and sources of resilience and community strengths that extend beyond the individual are examined.

Pathways to aggression in urban elementary school youth

This study examined the pathways from violence exposure to aggressive behaviors in urban, elementary school youth. We utilized structural equation modeling to examine putative causal pathways between

Prevention of Youth Violence: A Public Health Approach.

Beyond Community Violence: Loss and Traumatic Grief in African American Elementary School Children

The current study examined loss and childhood traumatic grief (CTG) in a sample of 403 African American school children in grades 6–8. Three out of four of these children reported the death of a



The effects of family and community violence on children.

This review identifies ways that violence can disrupt typical developmental trajectories through psychobiological effects, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), cognitive consequences, and peer problems.

Child witnesses to domestic violence: a meta-analytic review.

This meta-analysis examined 118 studies of the psychosocial outcomes of children exposed to interparental violence and found similar effects were found across a range of outcomes, with slight evidence for greater risk among preschoolers.

Violence against children in the family and the community

Dangerous Behaviour and Dangerous Contexts - a 30-Year Perspective on Research on the Developmental Effects of Child Physical Abuse The Developmental Consequences of Child Sexual Abuse Effects of

Intergenerational transmission of partner violence: a 20-year prospective study.

An unselected sample of 543 children was followed over 20 years to test the independent effects of parenting, exposure to domestic violence between parents (ETDV), maltreatment, adolescent disruptive

Children and Violence.

Introduction : American violence and its children / David Reiss Community violence and children's development : toward a research agenda for the 1990s / John E. Richters The NIMH Community Violence

Risky families: family social environments and the mental and physical health of offspring.

It is concluded that childhood family environments represent vital links for understanding mental and physical health across the life span.

Domestic violence is associated with environmental suppression of IQ in young children

The findings are consistent with animal experiments and human correlational studies documenting the harmful effects of extreme stress on brain development and programs that successfully reduce domestic violence should also have beneficial effects on children's cognitive development.

Developmental traumatology: The psychobiological development of maltreated children and its implications for research, treatment, and policy

In this review, a developmental traumatology model of child maltreatment and the risk for the intergenerational cycle of abuse and neglect using a mental health or posttraumatic stress model was

Co-Occurrence Between Marital Aggression and Parents’ Child Abuse Potential: The Impact of Cumulative Stress

The hypothesis that cumulative family stresses potentiate the association between marital aggression and parents’ child abuse potential is tested and the potential role of contextual factors in the pervasiveness of aggressive exchanges across multiple family subsystems is highlighted.