Children's Attributions for Success and Failure: Effects of Age and Attentional Focus.

  title={Children's Attributions for Success and Failure: Effects of Age and Attentional Focus.},
  author={Allan Wigfield},
  journal={Journal of Educational Psychology},
  • Allan Wigfield
  • Published 1 March 1988
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Educational Psychology
This study was an assessment of how children's achievement attributions were influenced by their age, attentional focus, gender, and success or failure experience. Older and younger elementary school children performed a memory task under either self-focusing or task-focusing instructions. After performance, half of the children in each condition were given success feedback and the other half failure feedback. Attributions for performance were then obtained. In the success condition, children… 

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