Childhood trauma and suicide risk in a sample of young individuals aged 14-35 years in southern Brazil.

Abstract

Suicide is among the main causes of death of people aged between 15 and 44 years old. Childhood trauma is an important risk factor for suicide. Hence, the objective of this study was to verify the relationship between childhood trauma and current suicide risk (suicidal behavior and ideation) in individuals aged 14-35 years, in the city of Pelotas, Brazil. This is a cross-sectional, population-based study. Sample selection was performed by clusters. Suicide risk was evaluated using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and Childhood trauma was assessed with the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). Moreover, the participants responded to a questionnaire concerning socioeconomic status, work, and substance use. The sample was composed of 1,380 individuals. The prevalence of suicide risk was 11.5%. The prevalence figures of childhood trauma were 15.2% (emotional neglect), 13.5% (physical neglect), 7.6% (sexual abuse), 10.1% (physical abuse), and 13.8% (emotional abuse). Suicide risk was associated (p<.001) with gender, work, alcohol abuse, tobacco use, and all types of childhood trauma. The odds of suicide risk were higher in women (OR=1.8), people who were not currently working (OR=2.3), individuals who presented alcohol abuse (OR=2.6), and among tobacco smokers (OR=3.4). Moreover, suicide risk was increased in all types of trauma: emotional neglect (OR=3.7), physical neglect (OR=2.8), sexual abuse (OR=3.4), physical abuse (OR=3.1), and emotional abuse (OR=6.6). Thus, preventing early trauma may reduce suicide risk in young individuals.

DOI: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2014.02.008

Cite this paper

@article{Barbosa2014ChildhoodTA, title={Childhood trauma and suicide risk in a sample of young individuals aged 14-35 years in southern Brazil.}, author={Luana Porto Barbosa and Luciana de {\'A}vila Quevedo and Giovanna Del Grande da Silva and Karen Jansen and Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro and Jer{\^o}nimo da Costa Branco and Diogo Rizzato Lara and Jean Pierre Oses and Ricardo Azevedo da Silva}, journal={Child abuse & neglect}, year={2014}, volume={38 7}, pages={1191-6} }