Childhood trauma: a major risk factor in the military recruitment of young people

  title={Childhood trauma: a major risk factor in the military recruitment of young people},
  author={Katharine Ann Campbell},
  journal={BMJ Military Health},
The extensive, longterm consequences of childhood trauma on brain development and the resulting implications for military recruitment and service are the subject of a review submitted to the Australian Royal Commission into Defence and Veteran Suicide, which began in 2021. Evidence presented to the Defence Select Committee’s inquiry, Mental Health and the Armed Forces, Part One: The Scale of Mental Health Issues, published in 2018, has shown that the youngest recruits from socioeconomically… 



The impact of early life trauma on health and disease. The hidden epidemic

A group of international trauma experts clearly and succinctly addresses the issue of trauma from multiple important perspectives in this book. Section 1 – Part 1 includes the history, epidemiology

The long‐term costs of traumatic stress: intertwined physical and psychological consequences

  • A. McFarlane
  • Psychology, Medicine
    World psychiatry : official journal of the World Psychiatric Association
  • 2010
An increasing body of literature suggests that the effects of traumatic stress need to be considered as a major environmental challenge that places individual's physical and psychological health equally at risk.

Childhood abuse, household dysfunction, and the risk of attempted suicide throughout the life span: findings from the Adverse Childhood Experiences Study.

A powerful graded relationship exists between adverse childhood experiences and risk of attempted suicide throughout the life span, and alcoholism, depressed affect, and illicit drug use, which are strongly associated with such experiences, appear to partially mediate this relationship.

Childhood determinants of suicidality in men recently transitioned from regular military service

This study sheds light onto the significance of childhood factors (interpersonal trauma and anxiety) in a population undergoing transition that may revive pre-existing vulnerabilities and have the potential to aid early intervention and prevention strategies in identifying those at risk prior to transition.

Neurobiological and psychiatric consequences of child abuse and neglect.

Most patients who have experienced early traumatic experiences are likely best treated with a combination of psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy, and the few current treatment outcome studies relevant to this research area are described.

Impact of early vs. late childhood early life stress on brain morphometrics

Later childhood ELS was associated with volumetric reductions in the ACC and insula volumes, while ELS experienced between the ages of 1 month and 7 years was not associated with lower brain volumes in these regions.

Effects of childhood poverty and chronic stress on emotion regulatory brain function in adulthood

  • P. KimG. Evans K. Phan
  • Psychology, Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2013
The findings demonstrate the significance of childhood chronic stress exposures in predicting neural outcomes during emotion regulation in adults who grew up in poverty.


Overall, reductions in white matter volume were reported more often than increases in these populations of patients suffering from adult‐onset posttraumatic stress disorder and in subjects with and without PTSD who experienced childhood trauma.