Childhood trauma, psychosis and schizophrenia: a literature review with theoretical and clinical implications

@article{Read2005ChildhoodTP,
  title={Childhood trauma, psychosis and schizophrenia: a literature review with theoretical and clinical implications},
  author={John Read and Jim van Os and Anthony P Morrison and Craig A. Ross},
  journal={Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica},
  year={2005},
  volume={112}
}
  • J. Read, J. Os, +1 author C. Ross
  • Published 1 November 2005
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Objective:  To review the research addressing the relationship of childhood trauma to psychosis and schizophrenia, and to discuss the theoretical and clinical implications. 
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Title: Childhood Abuse and the Content of Delusions: an Exploratory Study
    We aimed to investigate possible associations between histories of childhood abuse and the content of delusions for individuals with psychotic disorders. 39 participants with a psychotic
    Does social defeat mediate the association between childhood trauma and psychosis? Evidence from the NEMESIS‐2 Study
    Based on theoretical considerations and animal studies, mediation of ‘social defeat’ (SD) in the association between childhood trauma (CT) and psychosis was investigated.
    Comparison of first‐episode and chronic patients diagnosed with schizophrenia: symptoms and childhood trauma
    There has been considerable interest in identifying and addressing the specific needs of early‐episode patients diagnosed with schizophrenia in the hope that by addressing such needs early, chronicExpand
    Childhood physical neglect and psychotic experiences: Findings from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication
    TLDR
    This study examined the association between childhood physical neglect and psychotic experiences (PEs) in a general population sample and found no link between physical abuse and psychosis. Expand
    Stress sensitivity as a putative mechanism linking childhood trauma and psychopathology in youth's daily life
    TLDR
    This study aimed to investigate whether CT impacts on youth mental health by modifying sensitivity to stress in daily life by modifying pressure levels in family and social life. Expand
    Gender Differences in the Physical and Psychological Manifestation of Childhood Trauma and/or Adversity in People with Psychosis
    TLDR
    The author’s aim has been to contribute towards the humanizing of science by promoting an awareness of the role that science plays in the human experience and in particular in the development of science fiction. Expand
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    References

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    Objective:  There is a growing awareness of the relationship between trauma and psychosis. Studies have found associations between traumatic life experiences and the development of psychosis.
    Psychological therapy in schizophrenia: what is the evidence?
    • H. Brenner
    • Psychology, Medicine
    • Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica. Supplementum
    • 2000
    TLDR
    The present contribution provides a critical outline of the current position of psychological therapies in schizophrenia with a focus on the treatment of paranoid schizophrenia. Expand
    Early trauma may increase the risk for psychotic experiences by impacting on emotional response and perception of control
    TLDR
    Exposure to early trauma may increase the risk of dysfunctional responses to anomalous psychotic experiences resulting in psychotic symptom formation, according to the authors. Expand
    Post‐traumatic stress disorder: a review of psychobiology and pharmacotherapy
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    The literature on the psychobiology and pharmacotherapy of PTSD is reviewed to assess the role of drugs and alcohol in the development of post-traumatic stress disorder. Expand
    Relationships between trauma and psychosis: a review and integration.
    TLDR
    Evidence is found in support of each of these relationships between trauma and psychosis, and an integrative approach to conceptualizing the relationships is suggested. Expand
    Gender aspects in schizophrenia: bridging the border between social and biological psychiatry
    TLDR
    It is shown that gender differences in mental diseases are a valuable paradigm for research into the interplay between biological and psychosocial factors, not only regarding pathogenetic mechanisms, but also concerning therapeutic approaches. Expand
    Family work for schizophrenia: practical application
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    • Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica. Supplementum
    • 2000
    TLDR
    The evidence for the efficacy, efficiency and effectiveness of family work for schizophrenia is reviewed. Expand
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    Following on from a 1997 conference, this book aims to build bridges between professionals from different mental health disciplines who use diverse models of treatment of psychosis. The editors haveExpand
    Cognitive Therapy for Psychosis: A Formulation-Based Approach
    Introduction. Preface. An Overview of Psychosis. An Introduction to Cognitive Theory and Therapy. Cognitive Model of Psychosis. Cognitive Assessment of Psychotic Patients. Formulation of the Case.Expand
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    TLDR
    Findings indicate that Schneiderian symptoms are highly related to childhood trauma and other dissociative symptoms clusters in the general population, as they are in clinical populations. Expand
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